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An anticommunist effortpost

2020.09.24 21:05 David_Riazanov An anticommunist effortpost

There is a version of the labor theory of value, completely consistent with what Marx wrote, that does everything Paul Samuelson says it doesn't : Andrew Kliman's temporal single system interpretation of Marx's ideas in Capital. The epigones of the approach are correct: the criticisms of Wicksteed, Tuhan-Baranovsky and Bahn-Bawerk don't make sense of what Marx actually wrote and how his theories work out.
The LTV is indispensable to Marxism, since socially necessary labor-time as the magnitude of value is supposed to ground the tendency of the rate of profit to fall, which is at the core of Marxist theories of capitalist crisis.
Even socialists like Lucien Deslinières, Alfred Naquet or Friedrich Engels's friend Eduard Bernstein said that the labor theory of value was wrong.
They were right : the labor theory of value is wrong, and I don't even need to debunk it. Just read what Marx wrote :
You would be altogether mistaken in fancying that the value of labour or any other commodity whatever is ultimately fixed by supply and demand.
Anyone believing this today would be as in denial as a flat-earther to me.
To quote Bukharin's ABC of Communism :
the development of capitalism involves the decay of small-scale and mediumscale production; that the small and medium producers and traders are ruined, not to speak of the independent artisans; we have seen that the great capitalist gobbles them all up. The capital which was previously owned by the small and medium capitalists slips from their grasp, and by various routes finds its way into the maw of the big sharks. Such a centralization and concentration of production actually paves the way for cooperative production after the proletarian revolution. Had this concentration of production not taken place, if the proletariat were to seize power at a time when the work of production was carried on in a hundred thousand tiny workshops each employing no more than two or three workers, it would be impossible to organize these workshops satisfactorily, to inaugurate social production. The further capitalism has developed and the more highly centralized production has become, the easier will it be for the proletariat to manage production after the victory.
Well the thing is, the small and medium producers and traders are not ruined. As libs keep repeating it, millions are being lifted out of poverty every year. I don't think I need to link to Steven Pinker or OurWorldInData because I think you've already seen that. Let me just quote Pinker :
Not sure why I should be the one to defend the consensus on global economic development against Jason Hickel*—*I’m just a cognitive scientist who cites data from the real experts. The massive fall of global extreme poverty is not a claim advanced by me, Bill Gates, or people who go to Davos, but every politically neutral observer who has looked at the data, including the Nobel laureate economist Angus Deaton, the United Nations, and other experts in global development who bolster their data with observations they have made while they spent time in the poorest countries. The level at which one sets an arbitrary cutoff like “the poverty line” is irrelevant — the entire distribution has shifted, so the trend is the same wherever you set it. It’s not just China, or even China plus India — many poor countries have seen spectacular poverty reductions, including Bangladesh, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Panama, Rwanda, Uzbekistan, and Vietnam. This is on top of rich countries that not so long ago were dirt-poor, such as South Korea, Taiwan, and Singapore. It’s also borne out by a sanity check from people who have actually spent time in poor countries and have observed what life is like in them—not just development experts, but also biologists I know who have visited their field sites in Africa annually for many decades, and who have remarked on changes that can be seen with the naked eye: stores that have food, kids that wear shoes, people that are overweight rather than starving, shanties replaced by cinderblock, poor people with bicycles and TVs. The political agenda of Hickel and other far leftists is obvious: it’s humiliating to their world view that the data show massive improvements due to markets and globalization rather than an overthrow of capitalism and global redistribution.
Even Friedrich Engels admitted it. To quote him :
"The number and the misery of the proletariat increase continuously" ? This is incorrect when put in such a categorical way. The organisation of the workers and their constantly growing resistance will possibly check the increase of misery to a certain extent.
To quote the editor of Das Kapital, volume 4 :
If that were true then the date of our victory would not only be very long postponed, but we should never attain our goal. If it be capitalists who increase and not those with no possessions, then we are going ever further from our goal the more evolution progresses, theft capitalism grows stronger, not socialism.
He was right. Marx's predictions were wrong, so capitalism grows stronger, not socialism. Now, to quote Plekhanov :
we want the abolition of the present commodity production (i.e., the purchase and sale of products on the market) and its replacement by a new system of social production according to a previously drawn-up plan with a view to satisfying the requirements both of society as a whole and of each one of its members
So marxists were in favor of central planning. They did not want decentralized planning because that's what is already happening in capitalism. If the means of production are to be held in common, they must be centralized such that no group has exclusive claim to them. The Soviet Union were helped by the best central planning economist in the world : Oskar Lange, who praised Stalin as an "economic theorist". Marxist René Michaud wrote that "supporters of planism, even those who criticize Marx, are following Marx's ideas".
But the thing is, central planning is not efficient when it comes to allocating resources. A central planner has no data to use in making a "rational" plan because the data doesn't exist yet. That's the problem with central planning ; you cannot plan with only unknowns and unknowables. So the Eastern Bloc had shortages and famines (and no, don't show that CIA document, it was based on falsified data made up by the soviets).
Starting from 1929, Bukharin, who was called "an extremely well-read marxist economist" by Lenin, loyally supported the policies of Stalin.
Some apologists will defend Stalin's atrocities by arguing that the gulags, purges, and so forth were all necessary for industrialization: that mass collectivization and escalation of the class conflict with the Kulaks (which ironically was supported by Trotsky and the Left Opposition) was necessary to defeat Hitler and industrialize the USSR.
Robert Service argues that continuation of the New Economic Policy (NEP), with the exception of Grain Procurement Crisis of 1928, would have brought about the same level of production in its mines and factories as was brought about by collectivization and rapid industrialization. Other historians have concurred that, had the NEP been maintained, higher living standards and the ability to withstand invasion would have been possible.
Bordigists may argue that most businesses in the Soviet Union were owned by their employees. But those organizations were controlled by central planners, they could not act independently. So the number of those organizations was not very relevant. Even Trotsky, who had every reason to encourage anything that could hurt Stalin's reputation, said that calling the Soviet Union "state capitalist" was dumb.
Sure, dumbfuck anticommunists (like AnCaps or Trumpists) tend to exaggerate stuff, but the Eastern Bloc's crimes are still very real, and most refutations you could show me come from propaganda that cherry-pick data.
For example, historian Mark B. Tauger claims that the Holodomor was an accident and unavoidable, but his data is of dubious origin and selection criteria,[13] and Tauger does not offer an argument why his "data" is representative of all collective farms in Ukraine, not just the farms from which he got his data.
Anticommunists tend to think that every "communist" experiment was independent, but it wasn't. Those were all initially sattelite states of Stalin's Soviet Union (until some of them became independent, like Hoxha's Albania or Mao's China, the reason sometimes being that they were unhappy that the USSR wasn't following Stalin's ideas anymore).
Yes, the Eastern Bloc was clearly not what Marx had in mind. Yes, it wasn't a worldwide bottom-up proletarian revolution starting in an industrialised superpower (like Germany) after the collapse of capitalism. The Eastern Bloc was a combination of nationalist coups. Ho Chi Minh confessed that "it was patriotism, not communism, that inspired him" and Pol Pot admitted that he "didn't really understand Marx at all". But the Eastern Bloc was still the closest approximation of communism the world had. It was a caricature of marxism, but one may talk meaningfully about "caricature" only insofar as it resembles the original, as it does in this case. The dry skeleton of marxism, deprived of its complexity, was taken up by soviet ideology as a strongly simplified, yet not falsified, guide to building a new society.
The concept of the party being the sole bearer of truth was supported by the expression "dictatorship of the proletariat", which Marx used casually two or three times without explanation. Kautsky, Martov or Hal Draper could well argue that what Marx had meant by "dictatorship" had not been the form of government but its class content, and that he had not opposed "dictatorship" to a democratic state. But Marx did not specifically said anything of this sort in the context, and there was nothing obviously wrong in taking the word "dictatorship" at its face value, meaning precisely what Lenin and Bukharin meant and expressly said : a reign based entirely on violence and not limited by law.
Lenin debunked "libertarian marxists" by quoting Engels himself :
I would respectfully remind Mr. Kautsky, who has Marx and Engels off pat, of the following appraisal of the Paris Commune given by Engels from the point of view of . . . “pure democracy”: “Have these gentlemen” (the anti-authoritarians) “ever seen a revolution? A revolution is certainly the most authoritarian thing there is; it is an act whereby one part of the population imposes its will upon the other by means of rifles, bayonets and cannon—all of which are highly authoritarian means. And the victorious party must maintain its rule by means of the terror which its arms inspire in the reactionaries. Would the Paris Commune have lasted more than a day if it had not used the authority of the armed people against the bourgeoisie? Cannot we, on the contrary, blame it for having made too little use of that authority?”[6] Here is your “pure democracy”! How Engels would have ridiculed the vulgar petty bourgeois, the “Social-Democrat” (in the French sense of the forties and the general European sense of 1914–18), who took it into his head to talk about “pure democracy” in a class-divided society! But that’s enough. It is impossible to enumerate all Kautsky’s various absurdities, since every phrase he utters is a bottomless pit of apostasy.
Doesn't mean Marx was wrong about everything. He was a great historian, he was one of the founding fathers of sociology (we wouldn't have had Bourdieu without him), he inspired a lot of social reformers like the French Section of the Workers International, the german SPD, the Kerala marxists and the Hackney Labour Party...also, Joan Robinson identified Marx's "extended scheme of reproduction" as his most exciting contribution. Marx was also an inspiration for Schumpeter’s concept of Creative Destructive Economics.
No, Karl Marx was not an irascible man, no, he did not hate jews and black people . Yes, me condemning marxism puts me on the same side as dumbfuck anticommunists who have never read what they're talking about (like the morons in the fragilecommunism subreddit), but as Raymond Aron said : "when it comes to politics you can chose your enemies but you unfortunately cannot chose your allies".
For those who would be disappointed that communism cannot work, let me tell you that you should be grateful that you don't have to regularly waste five liters of perfectly fine drinkable water to flush the toilet, because that's what people in the Eastern Bloc sometimes had to do when there were shortages.
Also, considering what Bukharin and Lenin wanted :
In communist society parasitism will likewise disappear. There will be no place for the parasites who do nothing and who live at others' cost. That which in capitalist society is squandered by the capitalists in gluttony, drunkenness, and riotous living, will in communist society be devoted to the needs of production. The capitalists, their lackeys, and their hangers-on (priests, prostitutes, and the rest), will disappear, and all the members of society will be occupied in productive labour. Half a dozen workers who shirk their work will be put in prison. In another place they will be put to cleaning latrines. In a third place they will be provided with "yellow tickets" after they have served their time, so that everyone shall keep an eye on them, as harmful persons, until they reform. In a fourth place, one out of every ten idlers will be shot on the spot.
To quote the 1936 Soviet Constitution :
In the USSR work is a duty and a matter of honor for every able-bodied citizen, in accordance with the principle: "He who does not work, neither shall he eat".
Yeah, y'know what, I'll pass.
Keep in mind that Stalin was supported by the "extremely-well read marxist economist" Bukharin, Oskar Lange, Upton Sinclair, Bernard Shaw, Henri Barbusse, Louis Aragon, Pablo Picasso, Trotsky's lover Frida Kahlo, Marx's grandson Edgar Longuet, Jean Jaurès's journal L'Humanité, Ambroise Croizat, Che Guevara...
Hell, even the mencheviks leader Fyodor Dan gave his support to Stalin's regime when the USSR was attacked in 1941. In his book The Origins of Bolshevism (1943), Dan argued that Bolshevism was the carrier of socialism. Jeez.
submitted by David_Riazanov to neoliberal [link] [comments]


2020.09.24 20:50 David_Riazanov Posting to Reddit

There is a version of the labor theory of value, completely consistent with what Marx wrote, that does everything Paul Samuelson says it doesn't : Andrew Kliman's temporal single system interpretation of Marx's ideas in Capital. The epigones of the approach are correct: the criticisms of Wicksteed, Tuhan-Baranovsky and Bahn-Bawerk don't make sense of what Marx actually wrote and how his theories work out.
The LTV is indispensable to Marxism, since socially necessary labor-time as the magnitude of value is supposed to ground the tendency of the rate of profit to fall, which is at the core of Marxist theories of capitalist crisis.
Even socialists like Lucien Deslinières, Alfred Naquet or Friedrich Engels's friend Eduard Bernstein said that the labor theory of value was wrong.
They were right : the labor theory of value is wrong, and I don't even need to debunk it. Just read what Marx wrote :
You would be altogether mistaken in fancying that the value of labour or any other commodity whatever is ultimately fixed by supply and demand.
Anyone believing this today would be as in denial as a flat-earther to me.
To quote Bukharin's ABC of Communism :
the development of capitalism involves the decay of small-scale and mediumscale production; that the small and medium producers and traders are ruined, not to speak of the independent artisans; we have seen that the great capitalist gobbles them all up. The capital which was previously owned by the small and medium capitalists slips from their grasp, and by various routes finds its way into the maw of the big sharks. Such a centralization and concentration of production actually paves the way for cooperative production after the proletarian revolution. Had this concentration of production not taken place, if the proletariat were to seize power at a time when the work of production was carried on in a hundred thousand tiny workshops each employing no more than two or three workers, it would be impossible to organize these workshops satisfactorily, to inaugurate social production. The further capitalism has developed and the more highly centralized production has become, the easier will it be for the proletariat to manage production after the victory.
Well the thing is, the small and medium producers and traders are not ruined. As libs keep repeating it, millions are being lifted out of poverty every year. I don't think I need to link to Steven Pinker or OurWorldInData because I think you've already seen that. Let me just quote Pinker :
Not sure why I should be the one to defend the consensus on global economic development against Jason Hickel*—*I’m just a cognitive scientist who cites data from the real experts. The massive fall of global extreme poverty is not a claim advanced by me, Bill Gates, or people who go to Davos, but every politically neutral observer who has looked at the data, including the Nobel laureate economist Angus Deaton, the United Nations, and other experts in global development who bolster their data with observations they have made while they spent time in the poorest countries. The level at which one sets an arbitrary cutoff like “the poverty line” is irrelevant — the entire distribution has shifted, so the trend is the same wherever you set it. It’s not just China, or even China plus India — many poor countries have seen spectacular poverty reductions, including Bangladesh, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Panama, Rwanda, Uzbekistan, and Vietnam. This is on top of rich countries that not so long ago were dirt-poor, such as South Korea, Taiwan, and Singapore. It’s also borne out by a sanity check from people who have actually spent time in poor countries and have observed what life is like in them—not just development experts, but also biologists I know who have visited their field sites in Africa annually for many decades, and who have remarked on changes that can be seen with the naked eye: stores that have food, kids that wear shoes, people that are overweight rather than starving, shanties replaced by cinderblock, poor people with bicycles and TVs. The political agenda of Hickel and other far leftists is obvious: it’s humiliating to their world view that the data show massive improvements due to markets and globalization rather than an overthrow of capitalism and global redistribution.
Even Friedrich Engels admitted it. To quote him :
"The number and the misery of the proletariat increase continuously" ? This is incorrect when put in such a categorical way. The organisation of the workers and their constantly growing resistance will possibly check the increase of misery to a certain extent.
To quote the editor of Das Kapital, volume 4 :
If that were true then the date of our victory would not only be very long postponed, but we should never attain our goal. If it be capitalists who increase and not those with no possessions, then we are going ever further from our goal the more evolution progresses, theft capitalism grows stronger, not socialism.
He was right. Marx's predictions were wrong, so capitalism grows stronger, not socialism. Now, to quote Plekhanov :
we want the abolition of the present commodity production (i.e., the purchase and sale of products on the market) and its replacement by a new system of social production according to a previously drawn-up plan with a view to satisfying the requirements both of society as a whole and of each one of its members
So marxists were in favor of central planning. They did not want decentralized planning because that's what is already happening in capitalism. If the means of production are to be held in common, they must be centralized such that no group has exclusive claim to them. The Soviet Union were helped by the best central planning economist in the world : Oskar Lange, who praised Stalin as an "economic theorist". Marxist René Michaud wrote that "supporters of planism, even those who criticize Marx, are following Marx's ideas".
But the thing is, central planning is not efficient when it comes to allocating resources. A central planner has no data to use in making a "rational" plan because the data doesn't exist yet. That's the problem with central planning ; you cannot plan with only unknowns and unknowables. So the Eastern Bloc had shortages and famines (and no, don't show that CIA document, it was based on falsified data made up by the soviets).
Starting from 1929, Bukharin, who was called "an extremely well-read marxist economist" by Lenin, loyally supported the policies of Stalin.
Some apologists will defend Stalin's atrocities by arguing that the gulags, purges, and so forth were all necessary for industrialization: that mass collectivization and escalation of the class conflict with the Kulaks (which ironically was supported by Trotsky and the Left Opposition) was necessary to defeat Hitler and industrialize the USSR.
Robert Service argues that continuation of the New Economic Policy (NEP), with the exception of Grain Procurement Crisis of 1928, would have brought about the same level of production in its mines and factories as was brought about by collectivization and rapid industrialization. Other historians have concurred that, had the NEP been maintained, higher living standards and the ability to withstand invasion would have been possible.
Bordigists may argue that most businesses in the Soviet Union were owned by their employees. But those organizations were controlled by central planners, they could not act independently. So the number of those organizations was not very relevant. Even Trotsky, who had every reason to encourage anything that could hurt Stalin's reputation, said that calling the Soviet Union "state capitalist" was dumb.
Sure, dumbfuck anticommunists (like AnCaps or Trumpists) tend to exaggerate stuff, but the Eastern Bloc's crimes are still very real, and most refutations you could show me come from propaganda that cherry-pick data.
For example, historian Mark B. Tauger claims that the Holodomor was an accident and unavoidable, but his data is of dubious origin and selection criteria,[13] and Tauger does not offer an argument why his "data" is representative of all collective farms in Ukraine, not just the farms from which he got his data.
Anticommunists tend to think that every "communist" experiment was independent, but it wasn't. Those were all initially sattelite states of Stalin's Soviet Union (until some of them became independent, like Hoxha's Albania or Mao's China, the reason sometimes being that they were unhappy that the USSR wasn't following Stalin's ideas anymore).
Yes, the Eastern Bloc was clearly not what Marx had in mind. Yes, it wasn't a worldwide bottom-up proletarian revolution starting in an industrialised superpower (like Germany) after the collapse of capitalism. The Eastern Bloc was a combination of nationalist coups. Ho Chi Minh confessed that "it was patriotism, not communism, that inspired him" and Pol Pot admitted that he "didn't really understand Marx at all". But the Eastern Bloc was still the closest approximation of communism the world had. It was a caricature of marxism, but one may talk meaningfully about "caricature" only insofar as it resembles the original, as it does in this case. The dry skeleton of marxism, deprived of its complexity, was taken up by soviet ideology as a strongly simplified, yet not falsified, guide to building a new society.
The concept of the party being the sole bearer of truth was supported by the expression "dictatorship of the proletariat", which Marx used casually two or three times without explanation. Kautsky, Martov or Hal Draper could well argue that what Marx had meant by "dictatorship" had not been the form of government but its class content, and that he had not opposed "dictatorship" to a democratic state. But Marx did not specifically said anything of this sort in the context, and there was nothing obviously wrong in taking the word "dictatorship" at its face value, meaning precisely what Lenin and Bukharin meant and expressly said : a reign based entirely on violence and not limited by law.
Lenin debunked "libertarian marxists" by quoting Engels himself :
I would respectfully remind Mr. Kautsky, who has Marx and Engels off pat, of the following appraisal of the Paris Commune given by Engels from the point of view of . . . “pure democracy”: “Have these gentlemen” (the anti-authoritarians) “ever seen a revolution? A revolution is certainly the most authoritarian thing there is; it is an act whereby one part of the population imposes its will upon the other by means of rifles, bayonets and cannon—all of which are highly authoritarian means. And the victorious party must maintain its rule by means of the terror which its arms inspire in the reactionaries. Would the Paris Commune have lasted more than a day if it had not used the authority of the armed people against the bourgeoisie? Cannot we, on the contrary, blame it for having made too little use of that authority?”[6] Here is your “pure democracy”! How Engels would have ridiculed the vulgar petty bourgeois, the “Social-Democrat” (in the French sense of the forties and the general European sense of 1914–18), who took it into his head to talk about “pure democracy” in a class-divided society! But that’s enough. It is impossible to enumerate all Kautsky’s various absurdities, since every phrase he utters is a bottomless pit of apostasy.
Doesn't mean Marx was wrong about everything. He was a great historian, he was one of the founding fathers of sociology (we wouldn't have had Bourdieu without him), he inspired a lot of social reformers like the French Section of the Workers International, the german SPD, the Kerala marxists and the Hackney Labour Party...also, Joan Robinson identified Marx's "extended scheme of reproduction" as his most exciting contribution. Marx was also an inspiration for Schumpeter’s concept of Creative Destructive Economics.
No, Karl Marx was not an irascible man, no, he did not hate jews and black people . Yes, me condemning marxism puts me on the same side as dumbfuck anticommunists who have never read what they're talking about (like the morons in the fragilecommunism subreddit), but as Raymond Aron said : "when it comes to politics you can chose your enemies but you unfortunately cannot chose your allies".
For those who would be disappointed that communism cannot work, let me tell you that you should be grateful that you don't have to regularly waste five liters of perfectly fine drinkable water to flush the toilet, because that's what people in the Eastern Bloc sometimes had to do when there were shortages.
Also, considering what Bukharin and Lenin wanted :
In communist society parasitism will likewise disappear. There will be no place for the parasites who do nothing and who live at others' cost. That which in capitalist society is squandered by the capitalists in gluttony, drunkenness, and riotous living, will in communist society be devoted to the needs of production. The capitalists, their lackeys, and their hangers-on (priests, prostitutes, and the rest), will disappear, and all the members of society will be occupied in productive labour. Half a dozen workers who shirk their work will be put in prison. In another place they will be put to cleaning latrines. In a third place they will be provided with "yellow tickets" after they have served their time, so that everyone shall keep an eye on them, as harmful persons, until they reform. In a fourth place, one out of every ten idlers will be shot on the spot.
To quote the 1936 Soviet Constitution :
In the USSR work is a duty and a matter of honor for every able-bodied citizen, in accordance with the principle: "He who does not work, neither shall he eat".
Yeah, y'know what, I'll pass.
Keep in mind that Stalin was supported by the "extremely-well read marxist economist" Bukharin, Oskar Lange, Upton Sinclair, Bernard Shaw, Henri Barbusse, Louis Aragon, Pablo Picasso, Trotsky's lover Frida Kahlo, Marx's grandson Edgar Longuet, Jean Jaurès's journal L'Humanité, Ambroise Croizat, Che Guevara...
Hell, even the mencheviks leader Fyodor Dan gave his support to Stalin's regime when the USSR was attacked in 1941. In his book The Origins of Bolshevism (1943), Dan argued that Bolshevism was the carrier of socialism. Jeez.
submitted by David_Riazanov to CapitalismVSocialism [link] [comments]


2020.09.24 19:56 David_Riazanov Please read till the end

There is a version of the labor theory of value, completely consistent with what Marx wrote, that does everything Paul Samuelson says it doesn't : Andrew Kliman's temporal single system interpretation of Marx's ideas in Capital. The epigones of the approach are correct: the criticisms of Wicksteed, Tuhan-Baranovsky and Bahn-Bawerk don't make sense of what Marx actually wrote and how his theories work out.
But the labor theory of value is still wrong, and I don't even need to debunk it. Just read this :
You would be altogether mistaken in fancying that the value of labour or any other commodity whatever is ultimately fixed by supply and demand.
Anyone believing this today would be as in denial as a flat-earther to me. Also, even socialists like Lucien Deslinières, Alfred Naquet or Friedrich Engels's friend Eduard Bernstein said that the labor theory of value was wrong.
The LTV is indispensable to Marxism, since socially necessary labor-time as the magnitude of value is supposed to ground the tendency of the rate of profit to fall, which is at the core of Marxist theories of capitalist crisis.
To quote Bukharin's ABC of Communism :
the development of capitalism involves the decay of small-scale and mediumscale production; that the small and medium producers and traders are ruined, not to speak of the independent artisans; we have seen that the great capitalist gobbles them all up. The capital which was previously owned by the small and medium capitalists slips from their grasp, and by various routes finds its way into the maw of the big sharks.
Such a centralization and concentration of production actually paves the way for cooperative production after the proletarian revolution.
Had this concentration of production not taken place, if the proletariat were to seize power at a time when the work of production was carried on in a hundred thousand tiny workshops each employing no more than two or three workers, it would be impossible to organize these workshops satisfactorily, to inaugurate social production. The further capitalism has developed and the more highly centralized production has become, the easier will it be for the proletariat to manage production after the victory.
Well the thing is, the small and medium producers and traders are not ruined. As libs keep repeating it, millions are being lifted out of poverty every year. I don't think I need to link to Steven Pinker or OurWorldInData because I think you've already seen that. Let me just quote Pinker :
Not sure why I should be the one to defend the consensus on global economic development against Jason Hickel*—*I’m just a cognitive scientist who cites data from the real experts. The massive fall of global extreme poverty is not a claim advanced by me, Bill Gates, or people who go to Davos, but every politically neutral observer who has looked at the data, including the Nobel laureate economist Angus Deaton, the United Nations, and other experts in global development who bolster their data with observations they have made while they spent time in the poorest countries.
The level at which one sets an arbitrary cutoff like “the poverty line” is irrelevant — the entire distribution has shifted, so the trend is the same wherever you set it.
It’s not just China, or even China plus India — many poor countries have seen spectacular poverty reductions, including Bangladesh, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Georgia, Mongolia, Mozambique, Panama, Rwanda, Uzbekistan, and Vietnam. This is on top of rich countries that not so long ago were dirt-poor, such as South Korea, Taiwan, and Singapore.
It’s also borne out by a sanity check from people who have actually spent time in poor countries and have observed what life is like in them—not just development experts, but also biologists I know who have visited their field sites in Africa annually for many decades, and who have remarked on changes that can be seen with the naked eye: stores that have food, kids that wear shoes, people that are overweight rather than starving, shanties replaced by cinderblock, poor people with bicycles and TVs.
The political agenda of Hickel and other far leftists is obvious: it’s humiliating to their world view that the data show massive improvements due to markets and globalization rather than an overthrow of capitalism and global redistribution.
Even Friedrich Engels admitted it. To quote him :
"The number and the misery of the proletariat increase continuously" ? This is incorrect when put in such a categorical way. The organisation of the workers and their constantly growing resistance will possibly check the increase of misery to a certain extent.
To quote the editor of Das Kapital, volume 4 :
If that were true then the date of our victory would not only be very long postponed, but we should never attain our goal. If it be capitalists who increase and not those with no possessions, then we are going ever further from our goal the more evolution progresses, theft capitalism grows stronger, not socialism.
He was right. Marx's predictions were wrong, so capitalism grows stronger, not socialism. Now, to quote Plekhanov :
we want the abolition of the present commodity production (i.e., the purchase and sale of products on the market) and its replacement by a new system of social production according to a previously drawn-up plan with a view to satisfying the requirements both of society as a whole and of each one of its members
So marxists were in favor of central planning. They did not want decentralized planning because that's what is already happening in capitalism. If the means of production are to be held in common, they must be centralized such that no group has exclusive claim to them. The Soviet Union were helped by the best central planning economist in the world : Oskar Lange, who praised Stalin as an "economic theorist". Marxist René Michaud wrote that "supporters of planism, even those who criticize Marx, are following Marx's ideas".
But the thing is, central planning is not efficient when it comes to allocating resources. A central planner has no data to use in making a "rational" plan because the data doesn't exist yet. That's the problem with central planning ; you cannot plan with only unknowns and unknowables. So the Eastern Bloc had shortages and famines (and no, don't show that CIA document, it was based on falsified data made up by the soviets).
Starting from 1929, Bukharin, who was called "an extremely well-read marxist economist" by Lenin, loyally supported the policies of Stalin.
Some apologists will defend Stalin's atrocities by arguing that the gulags, purges, and so forth were all necessary for industrialization: that mass collectivization and escalation of the class conflict with the Kulaks (which ironically was supported by Trotsky and the Left Opposition) was necessary to defeat Hitler and industrialize the USSR.
Robert Service argues that continuation of the New Economic Policy (NEP), with the exception of Grain Procurement Crisis of 1928, would have brought about the same level of production in its mines and factories as was brought about by collectivization and rapid industrialization. Other historians have concurred that, had the NEP been maintained, higher living standards and the ability to withstand invasion would have been possible.
Bordigists may argue that most businesses in the Soviet Union were owned by their employees. But those organizations were controlled by central planners, they could not act independently. So the number of those organizations was not very relevant. Even Trotsky, who had every reason to encourage anything that could hurt Stalin's reputation, said that calling the Soviet Union "state capitalist" was dumb.
Sure, dumbfuck anticommunists (like AnCaps or Trumpists) tend to exaggerate stuff, but the Eastern Bloc's crimes are still very real, and most refutations you could show me come from propaganda that cherry-pick data.
For example, historian Mark B. Tauger claims that the Holodomor was an accident and unavoidable, but his data is of dubious origin and selection criteria,[13] and Tauger does not offer an argument why his "data" is representative of all collective farms in Ukraine, not just the farms from which he got his data.
Anticommunists tend to think that every "communist" experiment was independent, but it wasn't. Those were all initially sattelite states of Stalin's Soviet Union (until some of them became independent, like Hoxha's Albania or Mao's China, the reason sometimes being that they were unhappy that the USSR wasn't following Stalin's ideas anymore).
Yes, the Eastern Bloc was clearly not what Marx had in mind. Yes, it wasn't a worldwide bottom-up proletarian revolution starting in an industrialised superpower (like Germany) after the collapse of capitalism. The Eastern Bloc was a combination of nationalist coups. Ho Chi Minh confessed that "it was patriotism, not communism, that inspired him" and Pol Pot admitted that he "didn't really understand Marx at all". But the Eastern Bloc was still the closest approximation of communism the world had. It was a caricature of marxism, but one may talk meaningfully about "caricature" only insofar as it resembles the original, as it does in this case. The dry skeleton of marxism, deprived of its complexity, was taken up by soviet ideology as a strongly simplified, yet not falsified, guide to building a new society.
The concept of the party being the sole bearer of truth was supported by the expression "dictatorship of the proletariat", which Marx used casually two or three times without explanation. Kautsky, Martov or Hal Draper could well argue that what Marx had meant by "dictatorship" had not been the form of government but its class content, and that he had not opposed "dictatorship" to a democratic state. But Marx did not specifically said anything of this sort in the context, and there was nothing obviously wrong in taking the word "dictatorship" at its face value, meaning precisely what Lenin and Bukharin meant and expressly said : a reign based entirely on violence and not limited by law.
Lenin debunked "libertarian marxists" by quoting Engels himself :
I would respectfully remind Mr. Kautsky, who has Marx and Engels off pat, of the following appraisal of the Paris Commune given by Engels from the point of view of . . . “pure democracy”:
“Have these gentlemen” (the anti-authoritarians) “ever seen a revolution? A revolution is certainly the most authoritarian thing there is; it is an act whereby one part of the population imposes its will upon the other by means of rifles, bayonets and cannon—all of which are highly authoritarian means. And the victorious party must maintain its rule by means of the terror which its arms inspire in the reactionaries. Would the Paris Commune have lasted more than a day if it had not used the authority of the armed people against the bourgeoisie? Cannot we, on the contrary, blame it for having made too little use of that authority?”[6]
Here is your “pure democracy”! How Engels would have ridiculed the vulgar petty bourgeois, the “Social-Democrat” (in the French sense of the forties and the general European sense of 1914–18), who took it into his head to talk about “pure democracy” in a class-divided society!
But that’s enough. It is impossible to enumerate all Kautsky’s various absurdities, since every phrase he utters is a bottomless pit of apostasy.
Doesn't mean Marx was wrong about everything. He was a great historian, he was one of the founding fathers of sociology (we wouldn't have had Bourdieu without him), he inspired a lot of social reformers like the French Section of the Workers International, the german SPD, the Kerala marxists and the Hackney Labour Party...also, Joan Robinson identified Marx's "extended scheme of reproduction" as his most exciting contribution. Marx was also an inspiration for Schumpeter’s concept of Creative Destructive Economics.
No, Karl Marx was not an irascible man, no, he did not hate jews and black people . Yes, me condemning marxism puts me on the same side as dumbfuck anticommunists who have never read what they're talking about (like the morons in the fragilecommunism subreddit), but as Raymond Aron said : "when it comes to politics you can chose your enemies but you unfortunately cannot chose your allies".
For those who would be disappointed that communism cannot work, let me tell you that you should be grateful that you don't have to regularly waste five liters of perfectly fine drinkable water to flush the toilet, because that's what people in the Eastern Bloc sometimes had to do when there were shortages.
Also, considering what Bukharin and Lenin wanted :
In communist society parasitism will likewise disappear. There will be no place for the parasites who do nothing and who live at others' cost. That which in capitalist society is squandered by the capitalists in gluttony, drunkenness, and riotous living, will in communist society be devoted to the needs of production. The capitalists, their lackeys, and their hangers-on (priests, prostitutes, and the rest), will disappear, and all the members of society will be occupied in productive labour.
Half a dozen workers who shirk their work will be put in prison. In another place they will be put to cleaning latrines. In a third place they will be provided with "yellow tickets" after they have served their time, so that everyone shall keep an eye on them, as harmful persons, until they reform. In a fourth place, one out of every ten idlers will be shot on the spot.
To quote the 1936 Soviet Constitution :
In the USSR work is a duty and a matter of honor for every able-bodied citizen, in accordance with the principle: "He who does not work, neither shall he eat".
Yeah, y'know what, I'll pass.
Keep in mind that Stalin was supported by the "extremely-well read marxist economist" Bukharin, Oskar Lange, Upton Sinclair, Bernard Shaw, Henri Barbusse, Louis Aragon, Pablo Picasso, Trotsky's lover Frida Kahlo, Marx's grandson Edgar Longuet, Jean Jaurès's journal L'Humanité, Ambroise Croizat, Che Guevara...
Hell, even the mencheviks leader Fyodor Dan gave his support to Stalin's regime when the USSR was attacked in 1941. In his book The Origins of Bolshevism (1943), Dan argued that Bolshevism was the carrier of socialism. Jeez.
submitted by David_Riazanov to DebateCommunism [link] [comments]


2020.09.19 21:58 ThrowRA1264 Mother in law keeps getting catfished and refuses to believe us.

Obviously a throw away account but I need some help here because my wife (29F) and me (29M) are going crazy over this.
My MIL (66F) has had 5 different men contact her over the last ~6 months all with stories which from first glance seem like a catfisher.
First guy worked on an oil rig and had terrible service so he couldn't call her, only message her. He would be visiting her shortly and they were going to then move to Sweden (we're located in the US, so we were quite in shock). I reverse imaged his picture and there he was under 3 different names on 3 different dating sites). She was very sad but believed it and stopped talking to him.
2 weeks later, another international businessman (from Portugal) who was going to just move with her to DC once he got back into the states. He ended up having mutiple Facebook accounts with the same name, all with friends only in Bangladesh. Very suspicious. As we try pulling her away, he sends a fake American passport photo (which she originally believed until I compared it to mine). After that she stopped talking to him too.
This happened two more times, with me having to do a good amount of googling, LinkedIn stalking, fb stalking and image lookups/looking at geotagging embedded in photo properties to show her these were fake.
There is now a new guy who is in the military apparently (another top choice for scammers) and she's trying to avoid sharing any details with us because she's probably nervous I'm going to figure out he's another catfisher.
What do I do in this situation? Therapist? Take her phone away (not very likely to work). I'm worried someone will scam her out of her retirement.
submitted by ThrowRA1264 to relationship_advice [link] [comments]


2020.09.01 04:07 Deoxyribau5 Dr. Pasindu Suriapperuma's Journey to ERPM

As seen on: https://www.pasindusarchives.com/2020/02/erpmm1.html

The Examination for Registration to Practise Medicine (ERPM) in Sri Lanka is conducted by the Sri Lanka Medical Council (SLMC) for citizens of Sri Lanka who obtained their medical qualification from medical schools overseas
Summary
ERPM exam consist of two components

For more details, click here
I was able to pass ERPM in my first attempt (ERPM Part A, D in July 2019 and ERPM Part B, C in December 2019) as I managed to find the proper guidance, motivation and support from the people around me. That is why I decided to write this article, to direct you on a brighter path which I believe is right. Everything I have mentioned here, is my personal opinion based on my personal experience.
Get Degree Approval Letter This is the first thing you need to do, to get the eligibility to sit for ERPM. Visit SLMC and follow the procedure that they advice you to do. (This procedure changes frequently) After submitting all documents, they will provide you the degree approval letter in about 1 month.
Do The Research Find out the ERPM classes that you want to attend. Classes are held at….







Allocate hospitals for clinical practices You should do this soon after the exam, as everyone is in a rush to do this. So if you don’t do this early, you want be able to get the desired hospital. For this you have to go to Office of Provincial Director of Health Services at Maligawatta and follow the instructions provided from the office.
Attend classes – ERPM Part B and C Classes will start soon after finishing the written exam before the results are published. I attended the same set of classes. You will feel like you have studied less than ERPM part A, that’s because they assess your clinical skills. communications and cooping with emergencies in this chapter of the exam. Do not study a lot of theory parts as they would not question about it. All classes that I attended, covered all histories with related questions, the art of questioning patients, examination technique, case presentation For emergency viva – Be more practical and always try to imagine yourself working as a HO and then you will be able to answer questions more easily




After you get the letter from the Ministry, go to hospital visits This is the most crucial element in passing the exam After you practice examination techniques at home, perform on patients to achieve perfection. Always concentrate on time (6 mins) when performing examinations Take histories from patients Try to present both long and short cases (Equally important as problem identification, as you can strike the examiner with a good impression just by talking)More effective when going along with a small gang (2 – 4 friends) and them to assess your performance and criticize on the mistakes
Waiting for the letter from SLMC Till you receive this letter, you will have no idea on the exam date Mostly you will receive the letter mentioning your exam station two weeks prior to the exam Therefore you have to be prepared by then, as you will not have time to cover everything, if you are doing all four subjects If the station that you got is far away from where you live, you’ll have to reserve a hotel as well
ERPM Part B and C – Exam Day


My ERPM Journey
This journey began the day I left Bangladesh completing the one year internship on 21st February, leaving my ever loving fiancée (Dr. Janani Rajamanthri) in Bangladesh all alone. She asked me only one thing the day I was going back to my hometown, that was to pass ERPM at one go, to compensate the loneliness that she will endure from our temporary parting. This is the main reason that kept me motivated throughout the exam.
After submitting all documents to SLMC to get the degree approval, the first and most important thing was to decide on what classes I was planning to attend. For this I contacted some of my friends who passed the exam in their first attempt and the ones who failed the exam in their first attempt. I specially asked about the amount of classes and the study time that we have for ourselves.
Final verdict on the classes was most of the students were attending the Sigma institute at Kipulapana which will hold classes the whole week and on most days there will be classes the whole day leaving us neither time to review our notes nor to attend in self study. Most of the guys from my batch was attending those classes, whom I did not wish to see again. There were another set of classes held at Sipna Institute at Milagiriya which will have less amount of classes (Paediatrics, Gyn and Obs, Surgery – 1 class per week, medicine 2 – 3 classes per week). I was really impressed with that schedule and further reassured by my friends Dr. Sanjeewa Weerasinghe and Dr. Shanuka Dilshan, therefore I decided on perceiving these classes.
Then I inquired about Community medicine and Forensic medicine and left me with doubtful thoughts. I myself decided to attend community medicine classes held at Ideal academy at Wallawatta which will have only one class per week and for Forensic medicine Dr. Sanjeewa Weerasinghe convinced me to go through the past papers and prepare by myself without attending for any classes.
I will consider this as the second most important decision that I made for my success in the exam, that was to rent an apartment at Colombo 4, close to the academic institution. I would recommend this to anyone who is residing far away, to rent out an apartment close to the institute, so that you can avoid unnecessary travel time as this is one of the crucial elements of passing the exam even though it doesn’t sound like much of a big deal.
When I started attending classes, I was already too late.
ERPM – Part A and D
Medicine classes were conducted by Dr. Lalindra Dias who is almost always late. He had completed up to Endocrinology when I joined the class. I took the previous notes from my friend Dr. Sanjeewa Weerasinghe who attended all the classes since day 1. He will conduct past paper revision classes covering all the exam questions and this will prepare you to handle any medicine question that would be given to you at the exam. He will also give an answer script which will provide additional information. He took me to a level where I would believe that I would pass Medicine even before appearing the exam.
Paediatric classes was conducted by Dr. Ruwanka de Livera, the youngest of all teachers who will teach you from the scrap covering all the basic to the much more advance stuff, with the intention of teaching all students at all levels of education. His teaching was quite slow paced, but helped me to catch up as I began late. He had finished two systems when I started attending classes. His notes are precise, straight to the point without unnecessary stuff. This saved me a lot of time, because I wasn’t trying to remember unwanted stuff. He did not pay much attention in doing past papers. The only thing he kept on telling was to keep the basics solid and then you can handle any question that they throw at you. He will also asked questions from previous lessons, which will help you to keep in touch with the past topics. We did only 5 past papers before the exam and this kept me a bit worried. But ultimately it turned out what he said was true all along even though I didn’t realize it at that moment.
Surgery classes were conducted by Dr. Rohana Gamage. When I was going to attend his lectures all of the theory classes have been finished and I was going to attend for his revision classes. My friends told me to follow his revision, even that is enough to pass the exam and he had only passed surgery on his first attempt which provided me enough evidence to trust his statement. So I did not try to find the older theory notes, instead I followed only the revision classes. He taught us a concise edition of Surgery, directly exam based covering almost all questions that would appear in the exam. He will straightaway tell what to study and what not to study. 18 questions (Same model) that were discussed in the class were there in the ERPM surgery SBA paper.
Gyn and Obs classes were conducted by Dr. Wasantha Kumara who is always late to finish the class. Sometimes I left the class early because I wanted to have a rest before attending Community medicine classes. He had also completed a lot of topics when I started to attend for his classes. Got the notes from the same person and started studying them. I was really scared of Gyn and Obs because most of my friends had failed in this subject. I studied the notes and attended the revision classes, but a totally different paper was there in the exam. ERPM SBA questions were mostly practical questions which you would learn by working in a ward. He is jovial person, I can still remember the jokes that he makes during his class
Community Medicine were conducted by a group of teachers (Dr. Mahesh Kambukage, Dr. Ashan pathirana, Dr. Chathura Wijesundara, Dr. Himan Galappaththi, Dr. Kumudu Nanayakkara) who will deliver lectures on their specialties. These teachers will try to do the best for the student. The only aim of them is to try and get us passed by at least getting 45 marks. I was terrified the first the I attended to that class. I did not understand a single word they said. Most of the terms they used were abbreviation which I did not understand. There were no one in the class that I knew, all were strangers to me. Immediately when I came to my apartment, I called my friends and asked who had attended that class previously. Luckily there was some people that I knew attended that class, even though they were absent on the day that I went. Then I called Dr. Himesh Kasthuriaarachchi and got all the note. This was the other subject I was scared about. But these teachers made that fear go away. They will arrange revision classes close to the exam. I strongly recommend you to attend for those classes, where they will discuss all the relevant questions from past papers.
Forensic medicine, I just heeded my friends advice and I also followed a book called “Forensic Medicine And Medical Law” written by Dr. Hemamal Jayawardena who happened to be my apartment owner and he provided me with a free copy of his book. His book helped me clarify all the doubts that I came across while going through the papers of Dr. Christy Rajeev‘s. I would like to thank Dr. Dulaj Weerasekara for providing me with the latest papers which were done in his class.
I always remembered to complete the latest note and one previous note to eventually get me back on the right track. It did not take me much time to caught all up, because I wasn’t disturbed by a lot of classes.
I’m not a study freak who studies all day. I played PUBG mobile till the last moment, so if I can do it anyone can. Always remember that you can pass this and hold on to something to keep you motivated.
Our exam was held without any gaps in the middle. Keep the required documents prepared without waiting till the last moment. It is crucial to have adequate amount of sleep, so that you can have a clear judgement when answering questions. This duration may differ from individual to individual, so do what suits you the best.
Take two pencils along with a sharpener, two pens and an eraser. I initially marked all answers using a pencil, so that you don’t have to suffer for your mistakes. Then I went through the paper again marking all with a pen, this will reduce the room for error. You will have enough time to do this except for Community medicine and Forensic medicine. Therefore remember to be swift during those two exams.
The most important thing is to only mark the MCQs stems that you know. If there is any doubt, mark it on the paper (not the answer sheet) and count the ones that you are certain, and see if it’s enough to get you through the exam. It’s better to leave that stem rather than risking for a negative marking. I marked only 64 stems in Gyn and Obs MCQs.
In the evening paper, I always left 30 mins before the exam ends, to get a time advantage for the next days paper.
After completing the exam, I was anxious about Gyn and Obs because I only marked 64 MCQs and I did not know whether the SBAs was correct or not. Out of ERPM Part A and D, I think Gyn and Obs was the most difficult paper in July 2019 followed by Forensic Medicine, may be it’s because I did not attend any classes for it.
ERPM – Part B and C
After ERPM part A and D exam was finished, classes were started for part B and C. I attended the same classes. Classes were held at the same schedule, so I had enough time to attend the wards.
Medicine – He taught us the art of taking histories and sample presentations of short cases. Sometimes I had my doubts whether his teachings were enough or not. After appearing at the exam I realized that I was total fool of doubting myself. He took us for clinic visits at District General Hospital Nuwara Eliya where we heard a lot of murmurs and both short cases that I got for my exam was covered during that visit to Nuwara Eliya. I will recommend you to go there and get the appropriate clinical exposure under proper guidance. Only downside was that he conducted the classes at mid night, so you would have to bear with that. But in emergency viva, I encounter a question which he didn’t teach, but I remembered what he taught for part A and I managed to survive that question. It was about Addisonian Crisis.
Paediatrics – He will provide you with everything that you need to pass the exam. He will provide you with a proper theory note, history taking pattern, all short cases with proper art of presentation. I would recommend you to attend his practical sessions, specially the cardiovascular session, which is extremely beneficial to brush up the inadequate clinical exposure. He will also give the list of all instruments that is needed for the exam and this was very beneficial for me at the last moment. I had extra help from my mom and sister who is a paediatrician and a paediatric registrar respectively. But even without the additional help anyone who follows him will pass without any doubt.
Surgery – Same as part A, a concise version of surgery was taught. All long cases were discussed along with the pattern of taking the history and the clinical questions. He taught us the pattern of examining short cases and the relevant questions which are going to be asked from them. He tried to remove the fear by asking us to take the history from him where he played the role of the patient. I also attended one practical session which was arranged by Dr. Dileepa Banagala, where one of my friends provided me with a registration number to enter the Sigma Institute, but if you have a good hospital exposure no need to attend for this. But for the short case I got a AV fistula at the elbow which was not taught before, luckily I somehow managed it. I’m also grateful for the surgeon at District General Hospital Gampaha who taught us about short cases during our hospital visits I also referred the app “Short Cases In Surgery” developed by RER MedApps which I would recommend to all.
Gyn and Obs – He taught us how to take obs histories and gynae histories and the pattern of answering questions. For some histories, I myself added few extra points to make it look complete. He requested us to come to his hospital to learn how to insert a speculum. But I did not go as it was too far. I also had help from Dr. W. H. A. Semasinghe who taught me the practical method of handling Gyn and Obs cases. In the exam, I screwed up the Gynaecology case, but I managed to pass because I aced the obstetric case.
Keep the required documents and instruments prepared without waiting till the last moment. After appearing for the exam, what I understood was that, clinic visits are truly beneficial. So it is ultra important to go to the hospitals and to see the patients. Try to practice clinical examinations initially with a pillow later perfect it by doing it on a patient. Always keep track of time when doing these examinations. It is equally important practice your presentation skills, because this is an area where you can impress the examiner by showing your confidence and to gain more marks. Take histories and see what points you miss often. Pairing up with a friend or a small gang would be more beneficial as it would help to improve the communication skills and to the find out the errors that you do. Most examiners would not ask you sophisticated post grad stuff, they will try to assess whether you have the knowledge of a house officer that would not harm / kill the patient.
Emergency viva – They will provide you with a scenario in all subjects. You can study and answer for the questions in Paediatrics and Medicine emergency vivas. But for Surgery and Gyn and Obs, they expect you to give practical answers based on the ward set up. They will not assess your theory knowledge here. So try to improve your logical thinking, by imagining that you are a house officer working in the ward. And most importantly do not forget to study about blood transfusion.
To be honest, I hated hospital visits, I just went because my friends are asking my to come there. So a special thanks to Dr. Deeptha Pathiranage, Dr. Sanjeewa Weerasinghe and Dr. Dinath Diyasena for including me in their gang and motivating me to attend those clinic visits. I would like to thank Dr. Deeptha Pathiranage and his fiancée Dr. Dulashi Uluwaduge who provided me the instruments (Stethoscope, X-Ray tube, Building blocks, Torch, Illuminating light) which I did not prepare prior to my exam. I would also like to thank Dr. Kasun De Alwis who taught me blood transfusion without even having his dinner and telling us the important Paediatric cases when we went for hospital visits. I should also mention Dr. Shanuka Dilshan who provided me guidance which lead to a success in facing ERPM exam.
My preparation for Part B and C was terrible, maybe it’s because I hate dealing with patients. You don’t have to study 24/7 to pass part B and C. Improve your communication skills and develop a clinical eye to tackle short cases. They expect you to approach cases in the practical way. I did not study a lot of theory stuff for part B and C, because I was disturbed by COD mobile which I recommend you all to try out.
I’m truly grateful for all the teachers that I have mentioned above, all my friends who was with me during this journey, my fiancée (Dr. Janani Rajamanthri) who kept me motivated and my family (Mom, Dad and Sister) who provided me with knowledge and support to pass this exam in my first attempt.
submitted by Deoxyribau5 to ERPM [link] [comments]


2020.08.23 10:55 jamjoomarcool Employment Announcement (2) Characteristics and specifications of central air conditioning technician

Employment Announcement (2) Characteristics and specifications of central air conditioning technician
Employment Announcement (2)
Characteristics and specifications of central air conditioning technician:
He has distinguished skills and experiences in the following: -
• He has professional training in the field of refrigeration, air conditioning and electricity
• Practical experience in the position of refrigeration and air conditioning technician in the Gulf countries of not less than 5 years
• Practical experience in electrical circuits in the Gulf countries
• Practical experience in implementing Mini Split Units. And the package unit
Skills: -
Proficiency in maintenance skills for regular and central air conditioners.
• The ability to deal with various examination tools.
• Good understanding and ability to read technical manuals and drawings.
Proficiency in communication skills and dealing with different personalities.
• The physical endurance to carry out various tasks
• Executing maintenance work for central air conditioners, refrigeration devices and cold rooms
• Inspect and inspect the air conditioners to ensure the safety and correctness of their work.
• Inspect the pumps and air-conditioning networks in the building facilities and ensure their safety.
• Air conditioners installation of all kinds.
• Experience in installing and conducting periodic cleaning of various air conditioner filters
Carrying out preventive maintenance, fixing faults, maintaining and installing HVAC and refrigeration units in accordance with the direct manager's directives and plans.
• Direct all maintenance requests assigned to him in accordance with direct manager directives and service level agreement.
• Full knowledge of commercial central cooling systems and their internal components.
• Full knowledge of central integrated air conditioning systems and their internal components.
• The ability to detect, diagnose, and repair faults in both air-conditioning and refrigeration systems.
• To order and install the required spare parts.
• The ability to read drawings and diagrams for both electrical wiring and piping.
• Full knowledge of safety and hygiene procedures and the use of personal protective equipment, especially while doing preventive maintenance of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment to ensure compliance with safety policies.
Good knowledge of compressor maintenance and repair (mechanical repair)
• His nationality should not be from Pakistan or from Bangladesh
The salary will be determined after conducting the personal interview.
• Last date for submission: September 20 - 2020 AD, announcement date: August 20 - 2020 AD
• Send your CV to the e-mail: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])

https://preview.redd.it/m0gnyg64vpi51.jpg?width=626&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=3656fc33bda9e072c6ec87542a23d27ed90e7bd8
submitted by jamjoomarcool to u/jamjoomarcool [link] [comments]


2020.08.23 10:45 jamjoomarcool Employment Announcement (3) Characteristics and specifications of air conditioning and ductwork technician:

Employment Announcement (3) Characteristics and specifications of air conditioning and ductwork technician:
Employment Announcement (3)
Characteristics and specifications of air conditioning and ductwork technician:
He has distinguished skills and experiences in the following: -
He has professional training in the field of air conditioning and ductwork (ductwork)
• Practical experience in a position of air conditioning and ductwork technician in the Gulf countries of not less than 5 years
• Practical experience in installing and maintaining air ducts in the Gulf countries
Skills: -
Proficiency in maintenance skills for air ducts of all kinds.
• Good understanding and ability to read technical manuals and drawings.
Proficiency in communication skills and dealing with different personalities.
• The physical endurance to carry out various tasks
• Executing and installing ducts for central air conditioners and cold rooms
• Inspect and inspect the air-conditioners and their suitability for ductwork systems (ductwork) according to the capacity of the air conditioner and ensure the safety and correctness of the air duct work.
• Inspecting all air-conditioning networks and air ducts in the building facilities and ensuring their safety.
• Experience in installing dampers and thermal insulation
Carrying out preventive maintenance operations, repairing faults, maintenance of air ducts, and periodic cleaning of various air conditioner filters according to the directors' directives and plans.
• Direct all maintenance requests assigned to him in accordance with direct manager directives and service level agreement.
• Full knowledge of ventilation systems and components.
• Full knowledge of central integrated air conditioning systems and their internal components.
• The ability to detect, diagnose, and repair faults in both ductwork systems
• Carry out ordering and installing spare parts required for maintenance.
• The ability to read and implement drawings and plans for electrical wiring and air ducts.
• Full knowledge of safety and hygiene procedures and the use of personal protective equipment, especially while doing preventive maintenance of air-conditioning and refrigeration equipment to ensure compliance with safety policies.
• The ability to communicate with potential clients.
• His nationality should not be from Pakistan or from Bangladesh
The salary will be determined after conducting the personal interview.
• Last date for submission: September 20 - 2020 AD, announcement date: August 20 - 2020 AD
• Send your CV to the e-mail: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])

https://preview.redd.it/4sdw9dp8tpi51.jpg?width=850&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=7d6a68a6b3e71d5abdeb26136a09488f582d29fa
submitted by jamjoomarcool to u/jamjoomarcool [link] [comments]


2020.08.23 10:42 jamjoomarcool Employment Announcement (4) Characteristics and specifications of technician refrigeration and washing machines

Employment Announcement (4)
Characteristics and specifications of technician refrigeration and washing machines:
He has distinguished skills and experiences in the following: -
• Has professional training in the field of refrigeration and electricity
• Practical experience in the position of a refrigeration and washing machine technician in the Gulf countries of not less than 5 years
• Practical experience in refrigerators and washing machines and their maintenance in the Gulf countries
Skills: -
Proficiency in maintenance skills for refrigerators and washing machines of all kinds.
• Good understanding and ability to read technical guides and catalogs.
Proficiency in communication skills and dealing with different personalities.
• The physical endurance to carry out various tasks
• Inspect and inspect refrigerators and washing machines to ensure their safety and correctness before delivery.
Carrying out maintenance operations for refrigerators and washing machines, and repairing and maintaining faults.
• Direct all maintenance requests to improve the level of service.
• Full knowledge of the electrical systems of refrigerators and washing machines and its internal components.
• The ability to detect, diagnose, and repair faults in both refrigerators and washing machines and to order and install spare parts required for maintenance.
• Full knowledge of safety and hygiene procedures and the use of personal protective equipment, especially while performing preventive maintenance of refrigerators and washing machines to ensure compliance with safety policies.
• The ability to communicate with clients and gain their satisfaction.
• His nationality should not be from Pakistan or from Bangladesh
The salary will be determined after conducting the personal interview.
• Last date for submission: September 20 - 2020 AD, announcement date: August 20 - 2020 AD
• Send your CV to the e-mail: [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected])
submitted by jamjoomarcool to u/jamjoomarcool [link] [comments]


2020.08.17 00:38 Evening_Caterpillar US Embassy resumption of routine visa services by country

There is an embassy that I am waiting impatiently for to resume routine visa services. I have been unable to find any publications on what the "diplomacy strong" framework is that is supposed to be the reopening guideline, so I decided to try to figure it out by checking the status of consular services at all US embassies.
I have sorted by date when the consulate(s) in each country began processing non-emergency visas. Some types of visas are still not being processed at some of these consulates. I cannot swear that all of the information below is accurate. If I did not see a mention of visa consular services resuming then I assumed that they had not. If anything needs to be re-categorized then please let me know in a comment or a DM. This list only contains consulates that would be providing visa services but for COVID.
I plan to periodically update this list. Last update August 29, 2020.
July 13, 2020:
July 14, 2020:
July 15, 2020:
July 16, 2020:
July 17, 2020:
July 20, 2020:
July 21, 2020:
July 22, 2020:
July 24, 2020:
July 26, 2020:
July 27, 2020:
July 29, 2020:
August 3, 2020:
August 4, 2020:
August 10, 2020:
August 11, 2020:
August 12, 2020:
August 14, 2020:
Unknown:
August 17, 2020:
August 18, 2020:
August 19, 2020:
August 20, 2020:
August 23, 2020:
August 24, 2020:
August 25, 2020:
August 27, 2020:
Unknown:
November 17:
Still Emergency Only:
submitted by Evening_Caterpillar to visas [link] [comments]


2020.08.05 10:14 Taslima0321 Top 5 International Muslim Marriage Sites With Guaranteed Service

Are you about to get married soon? In that case, you are undoubtedly searching for a suitable groom or bride right now. Getting married at the right moment to the right person at the right age is very important. So, you can’t be careless about choosing the person with whom you will tie the knot. Also, marriage is irreversible, and you can’t just make a thoughtless approach towards marriage to repent for the rest of your life. Therefore, searching for a soulmate over the marriage sites is very important.
There was a time when the parents use to find suitable life partners for their children through friends or relatives. But now online matchmaking sites have taken over them as they provide not only a variety of brides and grooms but also numerous options like age, height, caste, location, income, profession, education, and so on. The online matrimonial sites are becoming very popular as they have made the “searching” term easier and quicker. Online marriage sites are highly affordable and safe. Additionally, you can take expert advice by counseling with the marriage experts if you need them.
To help you find your perfect groom or bride, we have listed the most successful and reliable five international Muslim marriage sites in this article. These marriage sites specialize in Muslim matchmaking and not just a matrimonial service but understand the importance of choosing the perfect life partner for marriage.

What are the Best International Marriage Sites for Muslims?

For modern Muslim men and women, the internet has provided a unique way to incorporate traditional Islamic beliefs into contemporary forms of socializing through online matrimony sites. All the sites listed here focus especially on finding a Muslim match. They have a vast database which suits your preferences and assist you in choosing your soul mate. These marriage sites are great because you know that both singles and divorcees are looking for a serious Muslim match. Let’s dive into the deep!

Muslima

Muslima is one of the leading and reliable marriage sites to find a Muslim life partner. If you are looking for the best marriage site for a Muslim bride or groom, Muslima can be ideal for trying out. This online matrimony site has helped thousands of Muslim singles find their perfect soul mate. Unlike the other marriage sites, Muslima can offer you a membership database of 7.5 million (to date) members with the guarantee of introducing you to single and divorcee Muslim women as well as men across the globe. The reason behind the immense popularity of Muslima is the numerous success stories. According to the website, it has over 750 success stories to date.
Their website is comparatively simple in its design and functionality. That means it is effortless to learn how to navigate the website and use all of its features. The marriage site offers necessary facilities for the non-paid members and innumerable advantages for the paid users. Having a free membership, you can contact and receive messages from paying members, and you can tailor which email notification you receive from the site. For instance, you will get an email notification if someone expresses interest for you. Undoubtedly, Muslima is the largest site that specializes in international Muslim matrimonial. You must give it a try!

Pure Matrimony

Pure Matrimony is another popular Muslim marriage site that aims to offer a Halal online matrimonial platform for the pious Muslims who are about to begin a marital life holding the faith and the Islamic tradition. The site aims to provide matrimonial services worldwide and show that Muslims are not divided by caste, color, and nations. Like Muslima, Pure Matrimony is also an excellent platform for the singles looking for marriage and long-term relationships to connect and meet. The features of their website are not too complicated, and the surprising fact is that it comes with 12 different languages to browse with. That means a man with the lest technical knowledge can use the website, too.
The marriage site promises 100% privacy to the users. With the free membership, a user can access his/her photo, get sophisticated pure matching, advanced advance search options, create and favorite searches, and view others’ profiles. If you have a premium membership, then you can message of contact profiles, answer to the member’s questions, request & see personal photos, receive answers, and the other members can stalk you. Registering for the website is the most straightforward task one can do. The online matrimony site has an app available for both android and ios. So, you can use the site anytime, from anywhere.

Taslima Marriage Media

Taslima Marriage Media is one of the most successful marriage sites since 2011. Currently, the online matrimony agency is providing matchmaking services worldwide. Thousands of happy marriages happened and continue to occur through the agency. The online matrimonial site has been continuously innovating to provide a superior matchmaking experience to the registered members.
Taslima Marriage Media has created a global matrimonial web portal aimed at fulfilling the needs of Muslims worldwide. Their online portal is designed for those who are serious about marriage and looking for suitable grooms or brides. Their highly dedicated team is committed to providing all Matrimony related solutions to prospective brides and grooms.
In the online matchmaking site, you can create your profile for free. The portal allows the members to search, communicate, interact, and and eventually choose the proper person. By preventing free searches by non-registered members, they are further securing our members’ privacy and ensuring that only people interested in marriage contact the members.
Regarding the billing, Users can purchase the Basic package at $40, browse the portal for 45 Days and see the contact details of other users. Also they can send 50 total proposals whom they like. The standard package comes at $65. The users can browse the portal for 90 Days, see the contact details of other users, and send 70 total proposals.
The classic package starts at $100. Users can browse the portal for 180 Days, see the contact details of other users. Also, they can send 90 total proposals. A premium package can be purchased at $135. The users can browse the portal for one year and see the contact details of other users. They can send 110 total proposals whom they like.

Nikah.com

Founded in 1998, Nikah.com provides matrimonial and online dating services explicitly tailored to Muslims’ particular needs worldwide. The marriage site has attracted more than 2 Million users worldwide since after the foundation. We consider Nikah.com as the pioneer of exclusive Muslim matrimony service. Although the Islamic matrimonial website attracts Muslim singles globally, Nikah.com emphasizes that it is not for those who are seeking an un-Islamic relationship. The marriage website offers the users an in-depth compatibility test and a unique categorized matching system. You can create a profile completely free of charge to see what Nikah.com has for you.
The site is very popular with Muslim men and women who are in their mid-twenties and above. People looking for a second chance at love can also find exciting singles or someone like themselves. As we have gone through the user’s review on the site, Nikah.com is excellent from the time of initial contact to the ceremony. And they have very informative, professional and pleasant representatives.

IslamicMarriage

Like the other online matrimonial sites, IslamicMarriage aims to bring single Muslim men and women together for friendship and potentially marriage. Their online matchmaking portal is definitely up to today’s standards with plenty of filtering tools that everyone will like. The user interface is clean and efficient to navigate without complicated features. On the portal, users can match with people from other places if they prefer to while giving them the compatibility to look for other singles or divorcees who live nearby. Most of the members at IslamicMarriage are from the United States. Other places with a significant membership include the United Kingdom, Germany, Bangladesh, Mauritius, Egypt, France, Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Nigeria, Canada, and others.
The marriage site offers different language choices to browse. It provides complete security to the users as it employs several security features to filter out bots and other unwanted users from penetrating their system. Signing up to IslamicMarriage is entirely free, and registration can be done within minutes. The online matchmaking site does not require email verification to activate your profile. IslamicMarriage offers non-paid users the ability to view other members’ profiles, browse photos, upload 20 pictures to your profile, chat & receive messages, and use their dedicated live chat support function.
It comes with three premium membership plans for the users. Prices of these packages start from $22 and end at $32.99 per month. You can upgrade or cancel your subscription anytime.
If you are looking for an online matrimonial site that can lead you to serious relationships and eventually marriage, IslamicMarriage will be the best choice.

In Closing

We strongly advise you to check the terms, features, and pricing before enrolling in any online matchmaking portal. However, browsing a little time over these online matrimony sites once after registering, these trustworthy sites will make you realize that your perfect life partner is just a click away! If you are thinking about joining any of these sites, but you still aren’t sure, we are here to help. Our online matrimonial portal has a lot to offer if you are serious about a lifetime relationship. Ready to start meeting people who dream the same things you do? Visit our full site to begin your journey now!
submitted by Taslima0321 to u/Taslima0321 [link] [comments]


2020.07.27 13:13 blind27JJul What is the Number One Da-ting A-pp ?

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submitted by blind27JJul to u/blind27JJul [link] [comments]


2020.07.26 07:24 anthemyst Multicultural short story collection for children

I was given this collection as a kid and read it all the time growing up, early to mid 90’s, but can’t find my copy now. It’s a collection of stories from all over the world and they were fantastic, I would love to buy a copy of this book for my own daughter now. Some of the stories I remember were:
-India possibly: a story about four brothers who inherit a farm. The older two are stronger and do more manual labor and the younger two are intellectual. The older brothers’ wives feel this is unfair and want to split the farm up, but their uncle says they should each go out into the world to make money first. The older brothers find simple labor, make a few bucks, and come home quickly. The third brother finds a distraught lawyer and offers to help him. The lawyer is upset because he and his three brothers have joint ownership of a cat and each is responsible for one leg. The leg he was responsible for got injured, and after he bandaged it the bandage caught fire and the cat ran through their house and burned it all down, so now his brothers say he is solely responsible for the damages. The third brother listens to the story, then points out that it was the other three legs that carried the cat through the house and allowed the fire to spread. The brothers agree to split the costs evenly, and the lawyer happily pays the third brother a great sum and offers him a job, but he says he must return home first. The fourth brother finds a distraught vizier who has been tasked by the king to find the exact weight of his favorite elephant. The fourth brother tells them to put the elephant in a boat, mark where the water rises to on the hull, then remove the elephant and fill the boat with sand until it sinks to the same mark, then weigh the sand bucket by bucket. He is offered a job as a vizier, but says he must return home first. All four brothers reconnect and decide not to split their farm, but the younger brothers take their respective job offers and send money home regularly.
-Bangladesh maybe?: Two men pass on the road and then argue about why the other did not say “good morning”. They agree whoever can do a service for a king, the other will say “good morning” first. One sets off and finds a king who is sad because a beautiful queen refuses to entertain his proposal. He goes to the queen and she says she hates all men because in a past life she was a bird and her bird husband left her to burn on their nest in a forest fire. He persuades her to meet the king, and the king says that in a past life he was a bird whose wife tragically died in a fire despite his best efforts to save her. The queen recognizes him as her bird husband and happily agrees to marry him. The man returns to the road, tells his story, and the other man says “good morning” to him.
-there were like five ghost stories at the beginning that were all kind of short and basic, like “taxi driver picks up a girl and drives her home, finds out the daughter who lived there died five years ago”
-I can’t remember what country this one was from: a king says he will only give his daughter, who has never been seen but is as kind as she is beautiful, in marriage to a man who can tell him a story he believes is a lie from beginning to end. He rejects all stories that begin with “once upon a time” for being unverifiable, etc. Finally a man begins with “When my great grandfather was born I was about seven years old, I went to see the new baby and...” and I can’t remember the rest but there’s a part where he’s riding a rooster the size of a house, he kicks the rooster’s neck and punctures it, presses a date to the wound to stop the bleeding and a palm tree grows out of the neck, at another point he’s crushing sesame seeds and honey or oil or something flows from them. Anyway, he wins, but on his wedding day the princess’ veil is lifted and she’s hideous so he runs away.
-one of the last stories in the book, from Japan I think, also one of the shortest: a renowned painter is hired by a judge to paint him a picture. He doesn’t want to take the job because the judge has a reputation for being cheap. So instead he presents the judge with a blank scroll and titled it “Cows on Grass”. “But where is the grass?” the judge asks. “The cows have eaten it.” “But then where are the cows?” “Well, seeing as how they’d eaten all the grass there wasn’t any reason for them to stick around, was there? So they left.”
-maybe somewhere in Africa: a dog and a cat are arguing over a bone with some meat. A monkey offers to help them split it evenly. He makes scales, and the cat and dog are very impressed. He divides the meat, and one side is heavier, so he nibbles a bit off that side. Then the other side is heavier, and the monkey repeats this trick until he’s eaten all the meat himself.
-Russian maybe???: some teens find a frog who can talk and says he is dying of thirst, they bring him home and give him water and he tells a story that is maybe about how he used to be a human boy but I don’t remember it very well
There were many more stories in the book, and each story had gorgeous illustrations in all manner of different art styles, I think the cover was a deep royal blue predominantly. It was a large book, but not too thick.
submitted by anthemyst to whatsthatbook [link] [comments]


2020.07.25 01:07 closingfast [Diplomacy] EMSCO's Eurasian Aerospace Defense Command or EURAD

With the Joint CIS Air Defence System now more or less obsolete or infeasible to continue now that CSTO has effectively ceased to exist; and with foreign aggression a serious threat to all of our nations, it is time to establish, as EMSCO's first unified military system, EURAD--the Eurasian Aerospace Defense Command.

EURAD will have sole responsibility for air defense, early warning, and interception/military air traffic control management in the EMSCO area, consisting of all full member states of EMSCO. Members of EURAD will be the following:

Organizationally, EURAD will be headed by a four-star PLA general, with the deputy commander rotating through all the other participants. This is not meant to place China above the other nations per se, but rather more an acknowledgement that China is the primary provider of infrastructure for air defense and occupies by far the largest territory. The overall command will be administered by an Air Defense Committee set up under the EMSCO council.

All the air defense systems will be supported by ballistic missile early-warning satellites built by the PLA--which intends to share substantial satellite assets with EMSCO partners [more to come on that later]. Each country will operate the following as part of EURAD:

Country Foreign Deployments Fighters [assigned] SAMs Radars/ELINT
China Rotate 48 fighters Shenyang1 200x J-7, 100x J-11 All long-range in inventory incl. 2 S-400 + 2 S-500 4 early warning radars4
Mongolia Rotate 24 Su-272 4 HQ-9A 1 early warning radar
Kazakhstan 48x PLAAF J-16 24x Su-30 6 HQ-9A 2 early warning radars
Tajikistan 12x JL-10 2 HQ-22
Kyrgyzstan 12x JL-10 2 HQ-22
Uzbekistan 24x PLAAF J-113 24x MiG-29 1 HQ-9
Pakistan 1 PLA radar unit [EL/M-2080C], plus 2 PLA bases3 48x F-7 4 HQ-9A 1 early warning radar
Bangladesh 24x F-7 2 HQ-9A systems
Myanmar 24x PLAAF J-11 24x JF-17 6 KS-1A systems 1 early warning radar
Laos 24x PLAAF J-11 12x JF-17 3 HQ-9A systems 1 early warning radar
Cambodia 24x PLAAF J-11 12x JF-17 1 HQ-9A system
  1. 48 fighters from a variety of EMSCO states will be on-duty in Shenyang [also the site of our foreign training institute, where the pilots involved can receive instruction and training] to promote cooperation between EMSCO air forces and enhance force readiness and cohesion; in addition to performing mundane service as interceptors in the region.
  2. The Su-27/Su-30/J-11/J-16 will be provided by a rotation of EMSCO nation's air forces.
  3. Uzbekistan has already allowed the PLA a base, from which the EURAD contingent we are providing will operate. Pakistan has already allowed the PLAAF two bases in Pakistan, at Gwadar and Peshawar, which will be home to a variety of PLAAF and PLANAF aircraft detailed in a separate post.
  4. The exact radar to be used has not yet been determined, though numerous possibilities exist. It will be able to both detect incoming ballistic missiles and also medium-to-high altitude aircraft. Additional radars with shorter range and higher frequencies, including those already extant, will be incorporated into the EURAD defense network. Long-range SAMs of older vintage will also be added in.

The following equipment will be transferred from China along with support and training to EURAD component commands:

Country Received from China as part of EURAD
Mongolia 4 HQ-9A, 1 EL/M-2080C early warning radar
Kazakhstan 6 HQ-9A, 1 EL/M-2080C early warning radar
Tajikistan 12 JL-10, 2 HQ-22
Kyrgyzstan 12 JL-10, 2 HQ-22
Uzbekistan
Pakistan 4 HQ-9A systems, 48 F-7 upgrades to Lancer-B standard
Bangladesh 24 F-7 upgrades to Lancer-B standard, BVR missiles, 2 HQ-9A systems
Myanmar 1 EL/M-2080C; 8 JF-17
Laos 1 EL/M-2080C; 2 HQ-9A system
Cambodia 12 JF-17; 1 HQ-9 system


Subcommands will be based at:
Mandalay, Southeast Asia Air Defense
Ulaanbataar, North Asia Air Defense
Fuzhou, East Asia Air Defense
Karachi, South Asia Air Defense
Aktau, Central Asia Air Defense

While foreign deployments are expected to begin almost immediately on all parts, it will take approximately four years for the entire EURAD system to become operational. This may not also be the final version that EURAD evolves into--some of the equipment assigned now may be gone by the time the system is online, and some aspects may be negotiated in or out of. Nevertheless, it provides a promising baseline for a system that can ultimately protect EMSCO nations from all potential adversaries.

Funding will initially be provided by China for this effort until a EMSCO funding mechanism can be agreed to at a later date.

Map of coverage, approximate
https://www.scribblemaps.com/maps/view/EMSCO_EURAD_network/6tW3vfjYuU
submitted by closingfast to Geosim [link] [comments]


2020.07.24 20:51 closingfast [Diplomacy] The Great Gunboat Giveaway

China is announcing preparations for the sale and/or donation of the following equipment surplussed from the PLA. EMSCO members preferred. Note that we will actually ask questions like "how do you plan on maintaining all of this stuff when we've had it sitting in mothballs for years" and "why does Cuba need 2,000 new howitzers" [META: self-moderation, that's the watchword this season for me].

The most interesting stuff is the offloading of our Soviet-period artillery [we like the 155mm and 105mm thank you very much] and reservist APCs/IFVs, and of a large number of older ships of somewhat... dubious... merit [steam-powered area air defense destroyers] that are going away as we move to a modern fleet with a relatively small number of ship classes.

PLAGF


Name Type Quantity Dates Notes Nominal price
PL-96 (D-30)) 122mm towed howitzer 3,300 Immediate 122mm shells available $100,000
PLZ-89 122mm self-propelled howitzer 700 Immediate $200,000
PLL-09 122mm self-propelled howitzer 350 Immediate $200,000
PCL-09 122mm truck-mounted howitzer 300 Immediate $200,000
PHL-81#Variants) MLRS 500 Immediate $500,000
Type 59 MBT 2500 Immediate $1M upgrade to Type 59G/VT-3_Durjoy) $500,000
PLZ-82/83 152mm self-propelled howitzer 320 Immediate 152mm shells available $500,000
PL-66 (D-20) 152mm towed howitzer 500 Immediate $300,000
BMP-1 IFV 1000 Immediate $300,000
Type 63) APC 2400 Immediate $100,000

PLAN


Name Type Quantity Dates Notes Price
Type 035G SSK 9 2022-25 You probably want the refurb. $100M refurb, $50m straight
Type 051C Destroyer 2 2022-23 S-300 but steam-powered. $150M [sold to Egypt]
Type 052B Destroyer 2 2024-25 Buk SAM $100M
Type 052 Destroyer 2 2024-25 Have fun with this mess! $50M
Type 054 Frigate 2 2025-26 Lafayette clone $100M
Type 053H3 Frigate 8 2022-29 Bangladesh liked it. $50M
Type 053H1 Frigate 3 2022-25 Anybody? Given to Cuba
Type 053H1G Frigate 6 2023-25 Anybody? $30M
Type 037 family Corvette 25 2022-25 Numerous variants $10M; 6 037II given to Cuba
Type 062I Gunboat 17 2022-25 $5M/free to a good home
Type 082 Minesweeper 16 2025-32 $5M/free to a good home


PLAAF


Name Type Quantity Dates Notes
Shenyang J-8II Interceptor 100 2022-26 Nobody else uses this; but some of the airframes are only ~20 years old


We're also willing to help EMSCO members both upgrade old Soviet/Warsaw Pact kit and bring abandoned versions of it back into service, at least to some extent--ask for more details on that. We are not the Soviet Union, throwing money into military aid for anyone who asks--we are more selective and thoughtful in our planning and intend to capitalize on existing hardware when possible.


SPECIFIC SALES:
Egypt: Sold 4 Type 035G submarines and 2 Type 051C destroyers

SPECIFIC GIVEAWAYS [all refurbished]:
Cuba: 3 Type 053H1 frigates, 6 Type 037II corvettes, refresh/upgrades for 100 MiG-21 airframes and miscellaneous ground equipment [agreed on in earlier post]
Nicaragua: 4 Type 037IG corvettes, 8 Type 062I gunboats
Cambodia: 4 Type 037IG corvettes
Myanmar: 2 Type 052 destroyers
Kazakhstan: 2 Type 054 frigates, 6 Type 037IG corvettes [subject to Russia allowing transit...]
Bangladesh: 2 Type 053H3 frigates, 2 Type 035G submarines
Pakistan: 4 Type 053H3 frigates
East Timor: 2 Type 037I corvettes, 4 Type 062I gunboats
Madagascar: 2 Type 037IG corvettes, 4 Type 062I gunboats
Angola: 2 Type 053H1G frigates

Ground equipment goes to the truly needy, so, if you want to ask, ask away [EMSCO members first in line]. Arms proliferation is not something we particularly care about as long as the weapons aren't being used contrary to our interests.
submitted by closingfast to Geosim [link] [comments]


2020.07.21 02:44 hdigga Anti bioterror play for huge long term gains

Thesis: SIGA Technologies, an anti-bioterror pharmaceutical company, will double their stock price in a year and triple or quadruple it in two years. They are in an incredibly strong financial position: zero debt, future US government purchases that may be greater than their market cap, and low expenses for operations and forward research. They also have amazing future growth prospects as foreign governments will buy their meds to prepare for future pandemics. Their drugs treat smallpox which is both more contagious and deadly (IFR ~30%!) than the Wuhan plague.
Do you think absolutely no political or military leader will learn their lesson about pandemic preparedness? Do you think business leaders are going to put the pressure down since the cost of unpreparedness is orders of magnitude greater than preparedness? That’s what this play is all about.
The play: Buy $SIGA stocks and hold for 2 years.

Quick facts

Market cap: $560 million
Style: Value, when compared to other biotechs
Products: Their primary product is an FDA approved oral antiviral (TPOXX) that treats all orthopox viruses (e.g. the dreaded smallpox). They are currently developing additional products for IV and pediatric treatment, another small molecule drug for treating orthopox viruses, and are developing therapeutics that use orthopox viruses for delivery of anticancer antigens.
How SIGA makes money: 1) US government contracts to supply the Strategic National Stockpile, 2) US government contracts for research, 3) sales to foreign governments and potentially private parties. Note that their business doesn't care about prevailing market conditions and all of these are multi-year contracts.
Debt: $0. They paid off an $86 MM loan in March.
Cash holdings: $77.4 MM
Total assets: $118.6 MM
Net cash flow 2019: -$18.2 MM, as discussed below, 2019 was a transition year between govt contracts hence the low income. They made $400MM from closing contracts in 2018.
Net cash flow 2020, my estimate: +$53 MM, see cash flow section below for how I got this figure

How this play can win

- The US govt through BARDA accelerates their purchasing of TPOXX to be and look more prepared for future pandemics.
- Foreign governments purchase TPOXX for their own pandemic preparedness. Canada announced an intent to purchase in December. Others are likely to follow. IMO, the stock will hit $10 when 3 additional countries announce purchasing and $20 when they have a network of 10 purchasing countries plus additional research. The US gets a discount on TPOXX because they funded the initial research, others will likely pay three times as much per dose.
- The US govt offers much more research funding to SIGA to design antivirals for other possible pandemic viruses. 10 years ago they had a small BARDA contract to look into antivirals for Lassa fever, a nasty rat flu boogaloo. They might renew or add to this type of research.
- TPOXX gets additional approvals for IV use and prophylactic use (i.e. give to people in contact with infected, first responders or first city) and US buys more. They recently received a new $23 MM contract for developing this use.
- A larger pharmaceutical company announces that they will purchase SIGA for $10-$15 share in a year. SIGA already has connections with Pfizer.
- Large amounts of additional income help them pump with stock buybacks or fat dividends. I am totally convinced they are going to buyback or spit dividends in a year from now.

Risks

- Foreign governments don’t purchase TPOXX or don’t approve its safety/efficacy and rely on the vaccine for smallpox (but 1 in 5 people can’t take the vax and lots of deaths in first wave without TPOXX).
- US govt does not add to stockpile, only keeps refreshing expired TPOXX.
- US govt does not invest in additional pandemic preparedness research/invests only in competitors.
- TPOXX may later be discovered to have a severe side-effect. (Oral formula is already FDA approved though).
- There’s more risks listed in their 10-K, but I do not think they are significant enough to list here.

Resources for your own DD

Do your own research. Always.
Latest 10-K: https://investor.siga.com/node/13196/html
Latest 10-Q: https://investor.siga.com/node/13251/html
2020 Q1 earnings call: https://www DOT fool DOT com/earnings/call-transcripts/2020/05/07/siga-technologies-inc-siga-q1-2020-earnings-call-t.aspx
2019 Q4 earnings call: https://www DOT seeking NO SPACE alpha DOT com/article/4330138-siga-technologies-inc-siga-ceo-phil-gomez-on-q4-2019-results-earnings-call-transcript
Reddit doesn't like the above websites. Sorry for the garbled links
Press releases: https://investor.siga.com/press-releases
Smallpox wiki: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smallpox

Detailed DD

I’m going to start off this section by answering the arguments you’ve already thought of.
Who gives a shit about some old timey disease?
The world militaries. Smallpox is a nasty disease. It's basic reproduction number, R0, is between 3-6, like the Wuhan coronavirus. It similarly has a 7-14 day lag time before symptoms show, although it is not known to be infectious for the first several days.
Smallpox is also exceptionally deadly, ranging from 15-30% fatality rate depending upon the strain and in children and the elderly can reach a 75% mortality rate. Survivors are usually permanently scarred and may have life-long complications from the disease. A smallpox epidemic would actually make corona look like "just the flu."
Infection around day 20 mark. Bangladesh, 1973.
Bioterrorism or biowarfare with smallpox is a massive threat to the military and people and an obvious first choice of weapon for a bioterrorist. Careful governments will plan for it.
Isn't smallpox eradicated?
Yes. But. 1) There are still many samples across the world in government labs across the world. 2) The genome exists on computers in said labs. 3) Many other orthopox viruses exist such as cowpox and monkeypox. Monkeypox in particular has had more cases in subsaharan Africa in the last few years. There have even been small outbreaks in the US, UK, and Singapore within the last 20 years.
What about vaccines?
  1. Maybe you recall that in the 1790’s Edward Jenner discovered the first vaccine by giving people the milder cowpox to prevent smallpox. The state of the smallpox vaccine has not evolved significantly since then. The modern vaccine uses a two-prong poker to deliver a live smallpox virus that has been engineered to be very weak. However, it is still a real virus that can causes symptoms or spread the disease to others. One in five Americans have underlying conditions that prevent them from receiving this vaccine due to the symptoms it causes.
  2. What do you do when smallpox starts spreading rapidly? You need to be able to treat the potentially 100s of thousands of people who will be infected before the immunization takes effect. The US is well-prepared with the vaccine having 300 million doses, nearly enough for every American. But you need a treatment as part of the defense strategy.
  3. TPOXX is in the process of being approved as a prophylactic. I.e. if smallpox were to spread then people could be given both the vaccine and TPOXX at the same time to make sure they don’t get sick if they were exposed prior to vaccination. Prophylactic treatment could be extremely important to first-responders, military, and people in the most badly affected zones.

Fundamentals

I am no expert in reading 10-K filings, but SIGA's 10-K is not too complicated. I encourage you to do your own DD before making this play and if you've never read a 10-K filing before this is a great one to cut your teeth on. SIGA only has one key product line and their debt is uncomplicated (nonexistent); the only tricky parts is following the government money.

Balance sheet from most recent 10-Q
Balance sheet
So the things to look at here are:
  1. SIGA has plenty of cash. Enough for two years operating expenses without any sort of austerity. Even if the economic downturn affected their business model, they would weather it easily.
  2. They have $16 MM in inventory. That’s mostly TPOXX they’ve already manufactured. This is great because it means they will have low costs for meeting the current BARDA contract supply request for this year and that if they get more orders they can dedicate their supply chain to filling them.
  3. No debt. There’s no risk of them going tits up soon. Unlike your other favorite plays against highly-leveraged trash companies (looking at you Zillow), SIGA can ride out a credit crunch with ease.
  4. Stockholders’ equity aka book value. At a price to book of 5:1 this is a cheap biotech company, one of the reasons I see them as a value buy. Also of note, their property includes patents on TPOXX in virtually every country.

Cash flow
In 2019, SIGA took a $7 million loss while in 2018 they punched a $422 million gain. How did that happen? Their entire business runs on multi-year govt contracts. 2018 saw an older BARDA contract end with the orders completely filled to stuff the strategic stockpile. 2019 was a transition year.They have a new contract with BARDA to replenish expiring TPOXX and research then purchase new formulations for IV and pediatric use. So, looking at their 201910-K their earnings look abysmal, but their forward looking earnings are much better given their recent news releases.
Let’s look more at that contract since it is a principal revenue source. SIGA’s most recent 19C contract gives BARDA (Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority) the ability to purchase up to $602.5MM worth of product. The base contract guarantees $51.7 MM and BARDA announced the exercise of an additional $127.1 MM in purchasing for the next year as of a few weeks ago. Due to drug expiration and future preparedness, my opinion is that BARDA will exercise all of the purchasing options over the next 10 years.
Here’s my 2020 cash flow estimate, I am inexperienced at this sort of analysis. Pro 10-K readers, please give me some criticism.
-$24 MM from expenses for sales, admin, research, services ,patents. Average of last 2 years -10% because research activity is shut down
-$7 MM from additional costs of terminating loan. 10-Q
+$2 MM from part 1 of Canadian order. Press release
+$75 MM from three quarters of $101 MM exercise of BARDA contract. Estimated because they will supply TPOXX the next three quarters of 2020 and Q1 2021, press release
-$3 MM additional costs to fulfill orders. Estimate from BARDA contract’s allocation for supply costs
+$10 MM from contracts for research. Estimate by Q1 research revenue x 4
? a new $23 MM research contract with the department of defense was announced in June, unclear when they will receive the money at this time
$0 from stock buybacks and dividends, they have never had a dividend, but did do $800k in buybacks last year. They might have paid down their debt to put them in a position to do a lot more buybacks, so this is subject to change.
Total: +$53 MM
I expect the next few years to be cash flow positive now that they are out of the development phase and into the deployment phase. As they get additional international buyers they will also need to service their expiring stockpiles. This puts them at a forward price to earnings estimate of 10:1, still a value play in the current environment.
The high future cash flow is why I expect them to start pumping dividends or buybacks in a year. Since their research activities are primarily supported by the US government, they won't have other useful activities for the cash other than to return it to shareholders. Also, the guys who founded SIGA in the 90's probably want to retire on a fat dividend pretty soon. Dividends and buybacks are a big factor in how many analysts calculate stock prices so either development will push the share price up a lot.

International Sales
This is where SIGA make us gigatendies. The US sales are the bread and butter that will keep them afloat for years to come. International sales are where they grow. Their contracts with the US government let them sell TPOXX at about $350 per course because they funded the initial research, whereas Canada is paying about $950 per course giving SIGA a massive estimated 95% margin.
Let's see who might be interested in buying TPOXX as the China flu crisis unwinds: we've got most of western Europe/NATO--UK, France,Italy, Austria, Sweden, Switzerland, Germany, Spain; Pacific countries wary of being in the China sphere--Taiwan, South Korea, Japan, Singapore, Australia,Malaysia, Vietnam, Indonesia; and wealthy Middle Eastern countries that need to hedge against instability--Israel, Turkey, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Qatar; a smattering of other countries getting wise to viral threats--Russia, India,Brazil, South Africa, Mexico. That's a lot of potential buyers and it will only take a few for SIGA's price to shoot up. Also note that SIGA does not market internationally themselves, they are partnered with Meridian, a Pfizer subsidiary, for international sales.
SIGA also has an excellent moat internationally. They have patents for TPOXX and its analogs almost everywhere but China. Of course, there are still risks associated with international expansion, but the upside potential is yuuge. Let's hear it from the horse's mouth and see what SIGA had to say on their 2019 Q4 conference call:
Now let's discuss the international markets. The pursuit of international sales for oral TPOXX is a key focus for us at SIGA. Our partnership with Meridian Medical Technologies that we announced last June has been excellent. However as I've said many times the sales cycle is long for international government procurement of these types of products and each country has its own set of internal dynamics. ... I have been asked why we do not provide a country-by-country update on sales progress. We do not comment on specific progress with countries for two main reasons. First, we respect the confidentiality of our customers who would not want their deliberations to become public. And second, we would not want to signal to competitors which countries may be undergoing an expansion in their spending for biodefense. With that context in mind, we are pleased to share a progress report regarding the Canadian military, who announced in December and intend to issue contracts to support a Health Canada, regulatory filing and thep urchase of up to 15,825 courses of oral TPOXX for the Canadian military. A procurement order of this size would represent about 25%of the active military forces in Canada. Although this is a relatively modest number of courses it is precedent for military preparedness by a U.S. NATO ally.
What can we gather from that? They've got multiple sales in the works, but are keeping mum about it. Also, that it takes time to cut through government tape and announce these sales. Here's the single largest risk for this play: that it takes too long for international contracts to be announced. For this reason, I recommend buying stocks and not calls. The near term future is too unpredictable.

Research Activities
SIGA's main drug, oral TPOXX, is already completely FDA approved as safe in humans and effective in animals. A quirk of their niche is that since smallpox is eradicated, they can't ethically test the drug for effectiveness in humans. This helps their bottom line because they basically get to skip some of the trials of a typical drug development cycle.
SIGA's most important upcoming products are TPOXX for IV, liquid pediatric, and prophylactic use. Due to the current pandemic, all human trials are postponed, but the barriers for these trials are quite low. They only need to demonstrate human safety for the alternate ROA drugs. For prophylactic TPOXX, SIGA needs to demonstrate that TPOXX does not interfere with immunity acquisition from the smallpox vaccine. That way a potentially exposed person can both be treated and vaccinated at the same time. If they fail to meet these research goals, then I doubt the BARDA contract will be exercised for full value. Because of the delay in these results due to corona, I doubt that they threaten the trade that I'm proposing.
Orthopox viruses to deliver cancer therapeutics and older Lassa fever antivirals. I honestly don't know enough about their activities in these areas to make a comment. I think they are irrelevant to the base play, but could provide some surprise upside if there was a development.

Insider trading
The execs did more selling than buying last year which is perhaps bearish, but their most recent move was to buy a lot of stock in December after announcing the Canada deal. They sold stock at ~$5.80 in early 2019. Now, they're holding even though it is past $6. I think the COVID pandemic has massively increased SIGA’s value and their key people are holding at a price where they previously sold knowing that a lot more cash is coming in. I think there's also some possibility of acquisition at higher share price, being debt free makes them attractive to a buyer--just pick up all the shares, no liabilities to clean up.

Positions
I have 5% of my IRA in SIGA and a couple of long dated $10 calls (volume is shit FYI) in my funny money account.
Thank you for reading my novel.
Disclaimer: Just because I can write two coherent paragraphs on a play does not mean I know what I'm doing. Do your own due diligence.
submitted by hdigga to pennystocks [link] [comments]


2020.07.14 06:08 iplt20prediction CPL T20 - Caribbean Premier League 2020 All match prediction tips

CPL T20 - Caribbean Premier League 2020 All match prediction tips
First Major T20 League to be held in CPL Coronacal
The eighth season of the Caribbean Premier League will take place from 18 August to 10 September.
This will be the first T20 league of a kicktra match to begin during the Corona epidemic.
All matches will be on the same ground. The only ground this time will be Trinidad & Tobago for CPL T20. All matches will be without spectators. There will be a complete ban for spectators in the stadium.
The 2020 Caribbean Premier League (CPLT20 Prediction) will be the 8th season of the Caribbean Premier League, the domestic T20 cricket league in the West Indies.
Matches will be played in 6 countries – Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Guyana, Barbados, Jamaica and Saint Lucia. The tournament is scheduled to start from 19 August and end on 26 September 2020.
CPL T20 - Caribbean Premier League 2020 All match prediction tips photo by google search

  1. St. Kitts & Nevis Patriots: Isuru Udana, Laurie Evans, Afif Hossain, Usama Mir, Mohammad Hafeez, Fabian Allen, Evin Lewis, Carlos Brathwaite, Sheldon Cottrell, Devon Thomas, Rayad Emrit, Shamarh Brooks, Dominic Drakes, Jeremiah Louis, Keron Cottoy, Akeem Jordan, Aaron Jones
  2. St. Lucia Zouks: Lasith Malinga, Fawad Ahmed, Thisara Perera, Niroshan Dickwella, Nitish Kumar, Daren Sammy, Andre Fletcher, Kesrick Williams, John Campbell, Obed Mccoy, Rahkeem Cornwall, Roland Cato, Jeavor Royal, Andre Mccarthy, Beuran Hendricks, Chris Barnwell, Keddy Lesporis
  3. Trinbago Knight Riders:Darren Bravo (captain), Dwayne Bravo, Kieron Pollard, Sunil Narine, Colin Munro, Denesh Ramdin, Muhammad Hasnain, Khary Pierre, Jimmy Neesham, Seekkuge Prasanna, Amir Jangoo, Anderson Phillip, Mark Deyal, Tion Webster, Javon Searles, Akeal Hosein, Ali Khan
  4. Guyana Amazon Warriors: Anthony Bramble, Ben Laughlin, Brandon King, Chandrapaul Hemraj, Chris Green, Clinton Pestano, Keagan Simmons, Keemo Paul, Nicolas Pooran, Odean Smith, Romario Shepherd, Saurabh Netravalkar, Shadab Khan, Sherfane Rutherford, Shimron Hetmyer, Shoaib Malik, Veerasammy Permaul
We will also keep predicting the competition from time to time on our website.
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CPL All-Time Champions

  1. 2019 Barrbados Trident Guyana Amazon Warriors
  2. 2018 Trinbago Knight Riders Guyana Amazon Warriors
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What is the reason, whenever we play the session, everyone goes. What should we not do so that we never lose a session in a cricket match. How do we know how many runs are going to be scored in today’s match. Which team is going to win.
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2020.07.03 17:51 Orwellisright [Series] India's China Policies - The two roads that weren't

I will write some series of how the previous governments have dealt with China, to start of with I will write something that happened not so long ago during the UPA regime. Check source for link to the last series

In 2007-2008 BRO decided to construct 2 roads 1 summer to Daulat Beg Oldi, 1 winter and 1 summer road. Reason for 2, during winter lake freezes. summer snow melts, cant cross via motor.
Something about BRO, The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) develops and maintains road networks in India's border areas and friendly neighboring countries. Officers from the Border Roads Engineering Service (BRES) and personnel from the General Reserve Engineer Force (GREF) form the parent cadre of the Border Roads Organisation. One is a civilian component and one from military. Both are always at loggerheads and never agree to each others decisions.
They dont even attend each other's events, even events like dinner , anniversary and celebrations of a difficult project.
Anyways with a lot of difficulty the project started. Then came on Ghasi Ram around 2010,He went on inspection of the roads
These were built by Task force of the General Reserve Engineer Force (GREF) by Military Ghasi was from Civilian unit. He started finding faults. This is wrong that is wrong, so the work was stopped. Enquiry was commissioned to look into the matters.
Work was stopped until 2013.
Meanwhile Ghasi was moved to Rajasthan, he was later removed due to imcompetence, now he lives in Tripura not sure what he is doing there.
And the road work resumed the final date was moved from 2012 to 2016/2017 for road finishing. But ground workers said it wont happen even before 2022
Now this is the same road or one of those roads that is still under construction. It is these roads that the Chinese are protesting against
Remember the project started in 2007, meanwhile Chinese build all infra on their side by now.

Background
Sham Saran was asked to tour Ladakh and Siachen area and identify places where roads and infra is needed in 2005. He was a good trekker. He was ex Foreign Secretary , he was appointed Prime Minister’s Special Envoy and also in National Security Advisory Board under .
He identified 75 roads that could be build to help out our troops and for other strategical purposes.
Saran had reported that the Chinese have built a motorable kutcha road to a sensitive Track Junction area in the DBO sector, thus changing the position on ground and in violation of the 2005 protocol.
Saran is also concerned with the situation in Chumar where the PLA is making frequent transgressions, claiming 85 sq km of Indian territory despite the international border defining the two countries.
In 2013 , after the Daulat Beg incident, Public was angry and there was a lot pressure on govt. So they setup a committee to check on the Saran report
The committe could never get their hands on the report. Can you believe this ? How could a report not be found!
The April 15, 2013, Depsang incursion at Raki Nullah was designed to prevent the Indian patrols from reaching Points 10, 11, 11A and 13 with Point 12 outside the patrol line.

Tardy pace of road work along China border raod
In brazen slackness on the part of the Indian establishment vis-à-vis China, work on the strategically vital roads in the Himalayas is tottering way behind schedule and in some cases, has totally stopped. As a result, only 25 per cent of the road-building work that was allocated for this financial year has been completed so far, even as half the fiscal is over.
With winter having set in as far as the Himalayas are concerned, progress on the road-building will be even slower than in the first half of the fiscal that ended on September 30. So far, only Rs 1337 crore have been spent by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) out of its budget of Rs 4962 crore for the year 2011-12.
Sources said at this rate, work will suffer badly. They also estimate that the lag this year will be worse than last year, when the BRO could not utilise its Rs 5427 crore budget and returned Rs 946 crore that was meant for building strategic roads.
A reported clash of egos and divergence of priorities between two groups of officials within the BRO, who have put their ‘false prestige’ ahead of national interest, is one of the prime reasons for the scenario, sources across the BRO and the Ministry of Defence said.
Some of the roads are of such strategic importance that the Army is paying out of its own budget and some roads had been recommended by the all-powerful China Study Group (CSG) headed by the Cabinet Secretary.

Chinese Aggression
China has a set of fuzzy claims all along its boundary with India, and the American scholar M Taylor Fravel has found that China historically has escalated militarily when it perceives steps taken by others erode the likelihood of China ever securing its territorial claims. In this case, Indian road- and bridge-building in the area, especially combined with Ladakh’s change to union territory status, may have led China to conclude a sharp signal might be necessary to arrest developments weakening its hold on disputed areas in eastern Ladakh.

Is India Starting to Flex Its Military Muscles? - Doklam Incdient
A new willingness to use force beyond its borders suggests that a sleeping giant may be awakening.
India deployed troops to prevent China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) from constructing a road on the Doklam plateau near the contested Bhutan-China-India border. Indian forces stood in the path of the construction crews, blocking their work and at times even tussling with Chinese troops. Despite increasingly harsh warnings from Beijing, including the threat of “all-out confrontation,” the Indians held fast. After a nearly two-month standoff, both sides disengaged and the PLA stopped its road-building activity, though China made clear that it would “continue fulfilling its sovereign rights” by stationing troops and patrolling in the area.
It is tempting to dismiss Doklam as yet another inconsequential Sino-Indian spat in a long-disputed border region. But that would be a mistake. The standoff suggests that changes may be afoot in India — changes that could significantly alter India’s strategic character.
India, in its 70-year history, has rarely sought to employ force beyond its borders. When it has done so, it has generally faced relatively weak adversaries, such as the Tamil Tigers in Sri Lanka during the late 1980s, and potential coup-makers in the Maldives in 1988. In the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War, India confronted an able adversary, and it attacked well into enemy territory, nearly reaching the border city of Lahore. But India did not seek this conflict, which began when Pakistan attempted to seize Kashmir with irregular and conventional forces. India’s most ambitious military operation occurred in 1971, when it launched a large-scale armored thrust into East Pakistan, severing Pakistan’s Eastern and Western wings and helping to create the new state of Bangladesh. India acted only after an influx into West Bengal of refugees fleeing Pakistan’s civil war had forced its hand, however. Unable to absorb the flow of new arrivals, it had little choice but to attack East Pakistan and put an end to the crisis. So is China afraid of losing Aksai Chin ?

Sources:
https://foreignpolicy.com/2017/10/17/is-india-starting-to-flex-its-military-muscles/
https://www.tribuneindia.com/2011/20111018/main5.htm
www.hindustantimes.com/india-news/what-is-china-trying-to-achieve-5-experts-weigh-in/story-Jai6IGvvk7l3HrOSeVeN6O.html
https://www.hindustantimes.com/delhi/china-army-not-letting-indian-troops-patrol-lac/story-S6yWrX4AR28uH7KUFluVnM.html
[Series] India's China Policies - UPA Govt's reaction to 2 events - 2008 Beijing Olympics - Tibetan Protests and Incursion of China in the strategic Daulat Beig Oldie ( April 2013)

Inspiration:
Self-Deception: India's China Policies - Arun Shourie
submitted by Orwellisright to IndiaSpeaks [link] [comments]


2020.07.01 20:25 Experimentalphone A ebook or website aimed at expats providing essential information

Hi there.
I live in Bangladesh and I was thinking of setting up a website for expats in the country. The website would include all the information that an expat would typically need. For instance, the best online grocers, the best schools for their children, the best salon, the best place to seek housing, information on how much money they can earn or take out of the country (I have found this information to be scarce outside banking circles) and so on. It would also have a community forum for expats to discuss.
Now it might not even be a website and might simply be published in a book form. If its a website there would be an entry charge to access the information.
The idea seems to have some click on it, because from what I have seen personally, despite there being google, a lot of basic information cannot be found in a country like Bangladesh.
I would like someone to evaluate my idea and tell me whether its going to work or not. For instance, I am identified several problems with this idea:
submitted by Experimentalphone to Business_Ideas [link] [comments]


2020.06.30 01:31 _Revelator_ Clarkson's Columns: "Hold the wrecking ball, admiral" & "I won't make a hill of beans"

Hold the wrecking ball, admiral — that rusty old destroyer would make a smashing superyacht
By Jeremy Clarkson (Sunday Times, June 28)
I am very excited by the Royal Navy's new Type 31 frigates. Due to enter service in 2027, they are sleek, fast and agile darts that, at £250m a pop, are surprisingly good value for money. In recent years the navy has been experimenting with Toyota Prius-style hybrid technology, but these new frigates are getting proper old-fashioned grunt in the shape of four 20-cylinder, 11,000-horsepower diesels. And then, to make the on-board electricity, four 16-cylinder generators. If the planet ever stopped spinning, you'd be able to use one of these things to get it going again.
What troubles me is what will happen to the ships they'll replace: the beautiful Type 23 frigates. I went on one once, HMS Westminster. It was off Norway, and it remains the only example in human history of a well-run government-funded thing. I loved it, and I loved how the hairs on the back of my neck rose with pride as we slithered into Bergen, powered by nothing but calmness and a few whispered instructions from the captain.
In the past such a ship would eventually be sold to some Third World backwater, where it would be renamed after the date of a revolution and then driven at full speed by some coked-up captain into some rocks he'd forgotten about. That would make me sad.
Remember HMS Ocean, which was moored on the Thames during the London Olympics? Well, that was flogged unceremoniously to the Brazilians for a reported £84.6m, just a few years after a £65m refit.
Our Upholder-class submarines went to Canada, where one is now called the Corner Brook. Many of our Type 22 frigates went to South America. One, HMS Brazen, became the Bosisio and was then used for target practice and sunk. The same thing happened to HMS Boxer, even though it was only nine years out of a total refit when it was decommissioned.
Things were even worse for the mighty Ark Royal. That was sent off to Turkey, where it was turned into kettles, exhaust pipes, fridge doors and fence posts to keep the Syrians at bay. And do you know how much we, the British taxpayer, trousered from that deal? Nope, you're wrong. It was £2.9m. That's £2.9m for a fully fledged aircraft carrier that was able to sail to a wrecker's yard on the Aegean under its own steam.
And that gives me an idea. We learnt recently that the super-rich are no longer interested in superyachts that potter about in the Caribbean in winter and the Mediterranean in summer. They want ships that can tackle summers in the southern oceans and winters in Svalbard. They are no longer content with a couple of jet skis and one of those water slides off the top deck. They want on-board submarines that can be launched to track the migration patterns of coral spawn, and hulls that can smash through ice.
The new breed of eco-minded billionaires who made their fortune in tech don't want to show off. They want to bugger off, and explore strange new worlds and new civilisations. The late Paul Allen, a founder of Microsoft, once used his superyacht, the Octopus, to locate a Japanese battleship that was sunk off the coast of the Philippines. Remoteness is the new Monaco. The Mariana Trench is the new marina.
No one wants to lie around on their boat waiting for the private jet to deposit some party guests and half a hundredweight of caviar. Well, some people do. A lot of people, in fact. But many would rather head into the Northwest Passage in search of a new type of squid.
And, surely to God, the endlessly downsizing Royal Navy is in a perfect position to capitalise on this new spirit of adventure. Put simply: it can stop flogging its older hardware to Bangladesh and Turkish scrap dealers for next to nothing. And start selling it to Elon Musk for eleventy million.
Because, come on, what would you rather have? One of those Saudi monstrosities that block the view from your villa in Corfu, or a former Royal Navy destroyer? You pull up off a beach in one of those and even Sir Green would doff his mullet as a mark of respect.
And instead of coasting back that night to Antibes, you could go to South Georgia to study penguins. It really is lunch at Club 55 — and breakfast the next day at 55 degrees south.
The fact is that, right now, in Birkenhead docks, there's a Type 45 destroyer called HMS Dauntless that's been broken for the past four years. It's the latest generation of warship, so it's an eco-friendly hybrid. The only trouble is that the intercoolers on its turbines don't work very well in the sort of warm waters you find off Iran, Yemen and Somalia, which means that unless we have more Cod Wars with Iceland, it's always going to be fairly useless.
No one is saying how much it will cost to cut a hole in its side and install three new diesel generators, which could solve the problem, but most seem to agree it'll be well north of £120m. So, what if you went along and offered that amount to take the damn thing off the navy's hands? It'd have to agree. It'd have to.
You'd then end up with the bargain of the century, because £120m is less than half what you'd pay for an ordinary superyacht. There's more too. A Type 45 destroyer, at 500ft, is longer than all but a handful of the biggest superyachts. You could have more guests too, as it can hold 285 people, and it's fast. Allen's boat can do only 20 knots. You could do more than 30.
Plus, if you were bored after a boozy lunch, you could push one button and atomise every single other boat in the entire bay in half a second flat. Not even Roman Abramovich could do that.
This, I think, is the future for the Royal Navy. Selling ships that have passed their use-by dates to wealthy individuals. And then, who knows, the air force could jump on the bandwagon. I quite fancy one of those Tornados.
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I won't make a hill of beans without water: Pipes laid by clever Victorians might have made Jeremy Clarkson king of Chipping Norton. Shame they're nowhere near his parched veg
(Sunday Times, June 28)
For such a famously wet country, Britain has always been notoriously useless at dealing with water.
We spent a fortune on dams and reservoirs when we thought industry would bring thousands of workers to the northern factories, and they opened at exactly the same time as all the factories shut and everyone moved down south.
Today there are 27 reservoirs in Derbyshire, 26 in Lancashire, and 110 in Yorkshire, while in Hertfordshire there's one, in Kent there's two and in Hampshire there are none at all. And there never will be, because while it's easy to evict Albert Arkwright and his whippets from his hole in the ground in Heckmondwike, it's nigh-on impossible to get the Fotherington-Sorbets to move out of their pile in Odiham.
There was once a plan to fill giant polythene bags with water from those enormous northern reservoirs and, because fresh water is less dense than sea water, float them down the North Sea to the Thames estuary. But that would have been exciting and clever, so we got hosepipe bans instead. And we just accept that what comes out of the tap got there via the bladders of six other people.
I have a similar problem here on Diddly Squat Farm. There are 10 springs that I know of and none of them is where I want it to be.
In the 19th century, a previous owner installed a pump, which was used to force water from one of the streams to a tank at the highest point of the farm. And then gravity carried the water from this, down a network of underground pipes, to the troughs he installed in every field. Brilliant. But the halfwit never made a map of where these pipes were. Or the tank.
A neighbour called Charlie, who may be mad, suggested that to find everything I should walk about with two coat hangers. In my mind water divining is like ley lines and horoscopes. It's nonsense. Two coat hangers will not react to the presence of water. Except for one thing. They do.
It was brilliant. They'd go berserk, I'd fire up the mini digger and, bugger me, right where the coat hangers had crossed, there was a pipe. I found them all over the place. The massive Victorian underground water engine was still there. So all I had to do was fill the tank at the top of the hill and it'd wheeze into life once more.
The old pump, made from leather and powered by men with no teeth, had long gone, so I installed a new one, used a mole on the back of my Lamborghini tractor to dig a mile-long trench, and now the troughs are fully functional once more.
But it turns out I don't need them. They were installed before stewardship schemes and fertiliser and big tractors changed the way farming is done. Which means they're in fields full of nothing but marjoram and orchids and butterflies and ground-nesting birds. All of which can manage perfectly well without my subterranean water system.
What cannot manage are my vegetables. It is stupid to try to grow vegetables in this part of the country. The soil is wrong and because it's so high and exposed, it is below freezing most of the time. Summer here lasts from July 2 at 10 in the morning till just after lunch.
However, last year I ran a small potato experiment on a two-acre plot and, contrary to the advice from absolutely everyone, they grew well. I ended up with about 40 tons of the damn things.
So when Covid-19 hit and there was panic-buying in the shops and borders were being closed, I had a wine-powered idea. As people would not be able to buy their vegetables from abroad, or even from Kent, if travel was banned, I'd grow some. Yes. I'd be the broad bean king of Chipping Norton. And the man you call late at night if you need an onion.
My land agent raised an eyebrow and suggested the idea was foolish. "Ha," I responded, full of the confidence you get after 20 years in Notting Hill. I pointed to a nearby field where we'd planned to grow spring barley and explained that, because of the rain last autumn, everyone would be planting the same thing. He agreed. And then I delivered the coup de grâce. Spring barley is used to make beer, and all the pubs are shut, so there'd be a glut of something no one wants anyway. "Much better, then, to grow vegetables in it," I declared triumphantly.
Planting the so-called "sets" was tricky. I bought a machine from the Middle Ages, but that turned out to be useless. So Lisa and I did it by hand. By which I mean Lisa did it by hand. And having seen how much she was enjoying this, I decided to keep right on going.
Last year the dreaded flea beetle, which a man in Brussels says I'm not allowed to kill any more (rightly so, actually) destroyed a 10-acre field of oilseed rape. The field is therefore empty. And what's the point of that? Why not use it to grow pumpkins for Halloween and lavender for people's knicker drawers and sunflowers for… actually, I don't know what they're for.
Lisa was thrilled. I know this because she rolled her eyes, slammed the door and went for a long walk on her own to celebrate.
I, meanwhile, ended up with a 14-acre vegetable patch, and as anyone with a window box knows, all I needed then was a regular supply of rain… April was the fifth warmest since records began in 1884 and, while it went cold at the beginning of May, it didn't rain at all. I can't remember when it last rained here. The ground is parched, cracked. I'm living in a dust bowl.
Yes, tons of water is still pouring out of the springs and it's all being harnessed by my underwater engine, but it's all being fed to the wrong fields.
Desperate, I broke out the mole, got someone to fit it to the back of my tractor — I still can't do that — and created a new underground pipe to one field, which I must get round to marking on a map. I then attached this to some sprinklers, which have now seized up for no reason that I can see.
The other field, however, is on the far side of a small road and it seems I'm not allowed to dig a trench across that. So I bought a vacuum-operated slurry tank that sucks water from a stream and then sprays it over my vegetables. Unfortunately it also sprays it over everything else. Which means the field is now one part vegetable and nine parts thistle. I know now how Jean de Florette felt.
Last night, having marinated myself in more wine, I was looking into the possibility of using a hovercraft as a water dispenser. That's had to be shelved this morning, however, as the amount I've spent on my vegetable operation already means each broad bean will have to be sold for £17. And that's nearly as much as you'd pay at Daylesford.
There's only one solution as far as I can tell. I'm going to have to call Donald Sutherland and Kate Bush, and get the plans to that rain-making machine they made.
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And here's the Sun column: "Mrs Thatcher would not be ill with Covid and she would sort it out without dithering"
submitted by _Revelator_ to thegrandtour [link] [comments]


2020.06.29 16:27 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - the Kotokoli in Togo

Welcome to another UPG of the Week, while many countries in Africa are by and large "Christian" nations, they still have swaths of people who have very little access to the Gospel and very little Gospel work happening among them. Meet the Kotokoli of Togo!
How Unreached Are They?
The Kotokoli are only 0.5% Christian. That means out of their 275,000 people, there are roughly only 1,300 believers among them. Thats only about 1 for every 200 unbeliever.
There is a completed New Testament in their language (Tem).
What are they like?
The Kotokoli are primarily farmers, growing sorghum and yams as their staple crops. Millet, maize, beans, okra, groundnuts, and pumpkins are also raised. A variety of animals are kept, including cattle, donkeys, goats, sheep, pigs, and chickens. The cattle are used for religious sacrifices, marriage payments, and hides; their manure is also used for fertilizer. Although the Kotokoli drink milk, they do not milk their own animals. Rather, the milking is performed by the neighboring Fulani herdsmen, who are hired to help tend to the herds.
The Kotokoli men's responsibilities involve tending to the livestock, clearing the land, and performing most of the agricultural labor. The women's responsibilities include gathering nuts, berries, wild grasses, and building materials from the forests, helping their husbands with the harvest, and performing all of the household chores. The highly developed art of trading is another important activity. The Kotokoli merchants regularly attend the local markets to trade their goods.
Most of the Kotokoli live in houses that have round mud walls, with dirt floors, and cone-shaped, thatched straw roofs. The homes are clustered together in family compounds around a central courtyard. Surrounding most clusters is an enclosure, usually a high mud wall, so that outsiders cannot see inside the compound. Each local community has a ritual headman (usually the oldest in the lineage), who has the responsibility of maintaining good relations and social order among his people. The headman answers to the district chief, who answers to the Uro (supreme chief).
Kotokoli marriages are usually arranged by the parents while the boy and girl are still infants. Before a marriage is complete, a bride-service must be performed by the prospective groom. This means that the young man must work on the farm of the girl's parents for a certain period of time. A substantial bride-price in livestock is also given to the family of the bride. Acceptance of these and other gifts donated by the groom makes the couple's union legitimate. Polygyny (having multiple wives) is permitted among the Kotokoli. However, according to Muslim law, a man must not have more than four wives. The first wife enjoys a superior status over the other wives. Each wife lives in a separate hut.
The Kotokoli have retained their old custom of praise singing. Throughout the country of Togo, during public occasions, the Kotokoli recite their family lineage and praise their chiefs for their heroic deeds. Praises to the chiefs are offered by a musician playing a flute, rather than through singing. The Kotokoli believe that praises sung orally are too crude, and that the voice does not do justice to the deserving chiefs. Joshua Project
History Lesson
The Kotokoli live in the West African countries of Togo, Ghana and Benin. In Togo, they are concentrated in towns such as Sokode, which is located along one of Togo's ancient caravan routes. The settlement was given the name Sokode, which means "too close," because the town was frequently isolated by barriers built by tribal groups trying to control the caravan trade. The Kotokoli emigrated from what is now Burkina Faso into the Sokode region during the 1600s and 1700s. They arrived as a confederation of Gurma chiefdoms. Even today, the Kotokoli chief, or Uro, still resides in Sokode. Joshua Project
What do they believe?
The Kotokoli were first exposed to the Islamic religion though contacts with the Hausa and Fulani herdsmen in the 1700s. By the mid-1800s, Kotokoli territory had been swept by Muslim influence, causing religious wars in the area. Although the Uro (chief) tried to rid his country of the Muslim mercenaries, he was unsuccessful. The Kotokoli eventually converted to Islam in the 1800s after the Chokossi people further spread their Muslim beliefs throughout Kotokoli territory.
Today, almost all of the Kotokoli are Muslim, as is the current Uro. They faithfully follow the practices of Islam. These include affirming that Allah is the only god and Mohammed is his prophet, praying five times a day, giving alms generously, fasting during the month of Ramadan, and making at least one pilgrimage to Mecca if possible. Joshua Project
How Can We Pray for Them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Kotokoli Togo 06/28/20 Islam
Hobyot Oman 06/22/20 Islam
Moor Sri Lanka 06/15/20 Islam
Shaikh Bangladesh 06/08/20 Islam
Khalka Mongols Mongolia 06/01/20 Animism
Comorian France 05/18/20 Islam
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/20 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/20 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/20 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/20 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/20 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/20 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/20 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/20 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/20 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/20 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/20 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/20 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/20 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/20 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/20 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/20 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/20 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/20 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/20 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/19 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/19 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/19 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/19 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/19 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/19 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/19 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/19 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/19 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/19 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/19 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/19 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/19 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/19 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/19 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/19 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/19 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/19 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/19 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/19 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/19 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/19 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/19 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/19 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/19 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/19 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/19 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/19 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/19 Islam
Hui China 05/24/19 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/19 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
submitted by partypastor to Reformed [link] [comments]


2020.06.08 17:05 partypastor Unreached People Group of the Week - the Shaikh in Bangladesh

Welcome to this weeks UPG of the Week! I haven't hit Bangladesh yet, so here is the largest people group in the country! The Shaikh of Bangladesh
How Unreached Are They?
The Shaikh people are 0.00% Christian. That means out of the 135,227,000 people, there are maybe a handful of believers.
However they do have a complete Bible translation in their language (Bengali)
What are they like?
Honestly guys, I can find next to nothing about this people group... Like, nothing.. So here is all that I could find:
The Shaikhs are not bound by one particular profession. The Shaikh can be broadly grouped into five communities. Three of these communities are the Siddiks, Farukis and Abbasi who are often descendents of Arab immigrants. The other two are the Chistis and Kuraishis communities who tend to be mainly from converts to Islam. Consequently, the Shaikhs profess Islam and have both Sunni and Shia traditions among them. In Nepal they speak Nepali and either Urdu, Bhojpuri or Maithili in their communities. They are not vegetarian and their common food is rice, mutton and vegetables. Common surnames are Mondal, Siddiqui, Usmani, Faroqui and Sheikh. Joshua Project
Further, there are three subgroups Karigar, Bej, and Siddiqui.
Keep in mind, this is a fairly large people group 135,227,000 people, so I find it odd that I can't find that much info, however it also makes sure we don't generalize them as a people too much.
History Lesson
The term Shaikh is used here for a sociocultural group that originated with Arab settlers in South Asia which now includes many subgroups, some of which intermarry in Bangladesh with non-Shaikh Bengali Muslims and some of which don't.
Islam arrived in the area now known as Pakistan in 711 AD when a Muslim Arab army conquered the northwestern part of the Indus Valley from Kashmir to the Arabian Sea. Technocrats, bureaucrats, soldiers, traders, scientists, architects, teachers, theologians and sufis flocked from the rest of the Arab and Muslim world to the Islamic Sultanate in South Asia, and settled permanently.
The descendants of these Arabs usually go by the title of Shaikh and are also known in Pakistan as Muslim Khatri. The Shaikhs of Pakistan, however, claim pre-islamic ancestry. They are a sub-group of the Zamindar group or qoum, traditionally associated with farming, which is one of the two groups making up the Pakistani Punjabis (the other group is the Moeens group or quom, who are traditionally artisans). Shaikh is also a term that is usually attributed to the leaders or elders of Arabian social groups. Other variants of this term are Sheik, Shaykh, Shaikh, Cheikh, Šeih, Šejh, Seyh.
After the advent of Islam in South Asia, some high caste (Brahmins, Muslim Rajputs and Khatris) converted to Islam in the Punjab region and adopted this title. They are known as Punjabi Shaikh (Punjabi). The majority of the Punjabi Shaikhs are urbanized and detached from their traditional agricultural ancestry. However, a few families also cultivate their own land in the western districts of Punjab. The main professions of the urban Punjabi Shaikhs are business and public service, and are stereotyped for their reputation for business acumen. The Khawaja Shaikh, with their sub-division the Chiniotis and the Qanungoh Shaikh are two such communities.
The Sikh Shaikhs living in villages at the Indian border adjoining Pakistan were remnants of the Shaihks who chose to stay after the independence of of Pakistan in 1947, embracing Sikhism as their religion. They are famous for their lori and dhool, a traditional Indian drum. Joshua Project
What do they believe?
The Shaikh believe in Islam, there are mixed reports on which tradition they fall more in line with.
How Can We Pray for Them?
Brothers, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. (Romans 10:1)
____________________________________________________________________________________________
Here are the previous weeks threads on the UPG of the Week for Reformed
People Group Country Date Posted Beliefs
Shaikh Bangladesh 06/08/20 Islam
Khalka Mongols Mongolia 06/01/20 Animism
Comorian France 05/18/20 Islam
Bedouin Jordan 05/11/20 Islam
Muslim Thai Thailand 05/04/20 Islam
Nubian Uganda 04/27/20 Islam
Kraol Cambodia 04/20/20 Animism
Tay Vietnam 04/13/20 Animism
Yoruk Turkey 04/06/20 Islam
Xiaoliangshn Nosu China 03/30/20 Animism
Jat (Muslim) Pakistan 03/23/20 Islam
Beja Bedawi Egypt 03/16/20 Islam
Tunisian Arabs Tunisia 03/09/20 Islam
Yemeni Arab Yemen 03/02/20 Islam
Bosniak Croatia 02/24/20 Islam
Azerbaijani Georgia 02/17/20 Islam
Zaza-Dimli Turkey 02/10/20 Islam
Huichol Mexico 02/03/20 Animism
Kampuchea Krom Cambodia 01/27/20 Buddhism
Lao Krang Thailand 01/20/20 Buddhism
Gilaki Iran 01/13/20 Islam
Uyghurs China 01/01/20 Islam
Israeli Jews Israel 12/18/19 Judaism
Drukpa Bhutan 12/11/19 Buddhism
Malay Malaysia 12/04/19 Islam
Lisu (Reached People Group) China 11/27/19 Christian
Dhobi India 11/20/19 Hinduism
Burmese Myanmar 11/13/19 Buddhism
Minyak Tibetans China 11/06/19 Buddhism
Yazidi Iraq 10/30/19 Animism*
Turks Turkey 10/23/19 Islam
Kurds Syria 10/16/19 Islam
Kalmyks Russia 10/09/19 Buddhism
Luli Tajikistan 10/02/19 Islam
Japanese Japan 09/25/19 Shintoism
Urak Lawoi Thailand 09/18/19 Animism
Kim Mun Vietnam 09/11/19 Animism
Tai Lue Laos 09/04/19 Bhuddism
Sundanese Indonesia 08/28/19 Islam
Central Atlas Berbers Morocco 08/21/19 Islam
Fulani Nigeria 08/14/19 Islam
Sonar India 08/07/19 Hinduism
Pattani Malay Thailand 08/02/19 Islam
Thai Thailand 07/26/19 Buddhism
Baloch Pakistan 07/19/19 Islam
Alawite Syria 07/12/19 Islam*
Huasa Cote d'Ivoire 06/28/19 Islam
Chhetri Nepal 06/21/19 Hinduism
Beja Sudan 06/14/19 Islam
Yinou China 06/07/19 Animism
Kazakh Kazakhstan 05/31/19 Islam
Hui China 05/24/19 Islam
Masalit Sudan 05/17/19 Islam
As always, if you have experience in this country or with this people group, feel free to comment or PM me and I will happily edit it so that we can better pray for these peoples!
Here is a list of definitions in case you wonder what exactly I mean by words like "Unreached"
submitted by partypastor to Reformed [link] [comments]


2020.05.22 21:04 abhijoysarkar Weekly Update: 24 crypto assets live on ParJar fiat on/off ramp, FantomVision PWA, $LINK + Voyager, $GHOST for $ESH Hodlers... – 17 Apr - 23 Apr'20

Weekly Update: 24 crypto assets live on ParJar fiat on/off ramp, FantomVision PWA, $LINK + Voyager, $GHOST for $ESH Hodlers... – 17 Apr - 23 Apr'20
Hiya folks! Hope the shelter-at-home is treating you well. As you might know that the super cyclone Amphan struck Eastern India and Bangladesh day before yesterday. As a result, I went into radio silence for two days. Now that I am back in the grid (albeit with ultra-super slow internet; this post took 4+ hours of retries just to upload pictures), let’s get rolling with the weekly update catch-up series again. Here’s your week at Parachute + partners (17 Apr - 23 Apr'20):

24 cryptocurrencies are now live on ParJar for trading with fiat in Europe, India and UK. This is massive! The new ParJar and #cryptoforeveryone masks look great Clinton! Designers in Parachute, Clinton is looking for fresh original designs for merchandise in the Parachute Shop. You can bag some cool $PAR and discount codes if your art makes it to the store. The #par4par raffle currently has a 500k $PAR prize pool. If you have 10k $PAR in your ParJar, you can claim a ticket. Get in on it! Foo hosted a Parena so that winners can get a taste of the raffle with their prize $PAR. Bose hosted a random TTR trivia this week for a 10k $PAR prize pot. Don't forget her rules: "you argue and you're wrong, you skip next question". Gamerboy's Tiproom quiz theme was a secret. Did you find out what it was? Charlotte’s Tuesday TTR trivia was fun as always. Victor hosted an animal-themed trivia for 1k $PAR in prize per question. Two-for-Tuesday continued with the ongoing series of letters. This week Gian got Parachuters to post music "featuring bands or artists whose name starts with the letters M, N, O or P". As always, super thankful for the playlist Sebastian! 136 music videos in total. Dang! Jason’s #wholesomewed prompt involved Parachuters sharing unconventional art pieces. "They can be made by you or someone else".
Visit the Parachute Shop for more epic merch like these
Uber cool #wholesomewed entries by (clockwise from top left) Fakhir, Erol, Pars, Georg, Eric, OilJam, Peace Love
Click here to track this week’s aXpire burn transaction. CEO Gary Markham wrote about Time Recording in his latest blog post. More insights into 2gether’s study about women in crypto were released. This is part of their original study report on female crypto consumers which was first published in March. $BOMB founder Zachary Dash set the ball rolling on a proposal system for brainstorming on ideas for the project. Click here for a sample proposal. For #XIOSocial discussions, Citizens talked about what interest rate would be ideal for $XIO when the dApp launches. $LINK was added to Voyager’s platform this week. Click here for the full range of available assets. Voyager also featured in MyFirstBitcoin.info's list of "Where To Buy Bitcoin". They also launched an integration with crypto trading education platform Market Rebellion this week. Switch announced that $ESH token holders will be eligible to claim John McAfee-backed $GHOST coins on 25th May. News of Ghost’s launch was shared in bitcoin.com, Cointelegraph, CoinPedia, Crypto News Flash and CryptoNewsZ. Neva Fomo’s review of SwitchDex was released this week. The winners of the #BUIDLonFantom Developer contest were announced this week. The FantomVision block explorer was upgraded to a Progressive Web App (PWA) which can be installed on your device as an application. The team hosted a monthly AMA in their Discord. This will be happening every month from now. A new technical paper on smart was contracts was published as well.
Bitcoin is a clear favourite for trading among female users
Bounty0x’s fundraiser on Republic came to a close this week with funding crossing over targeted amount by nearly three times. Founder Angelo Adam also shared a sneak peek into how the Hypedia platform could look like. Uptrennd Head of Community, Luke, started an #InfectedWithGratitude giveaway that brought 2 days of wholesome joy to the community. Founder Jeff Kirdeikis sat down for an Altcoin Buzz interview to talk all things crypto. IOST joined Uptrennd this week. Coingecko joined in the fun too. Awesome! Congratulations on onboarding 30k+ new users in 2020 alone. The team also set the ball rolling for a community-powered blockchain awards. The District0x District Weekly can be read here. Meme Factory now has a fixture inside the virtual world of Cryptovoxels. Hydro made it to the semifinal round of Ground Up Ventures’ March Madness Startup Competition. Congrats! With news of Google’s smart debit card leaking out recently, the team at Hydro discussed the implications of the tech giant entering digital banking. They also wrote at length about FinTech in Brazil and strategies to bank the unbanked. The team also made a presentation at the Canada FinTech Summit this week. For the latest Sentivate development updates click here, here, here and here. SelfKey’s $KEY token was listed on Kyber Network this week. Read more details here. The team opened up an AMA questionnaire form for the community. AMA date not decided yet. They are also hiring currently. Apply if you’re up for it. SimpleSwap listed $KEY and joined SelfKey’s Crypto Exchange Marketplace. To learn more about Constellation’s ERC20 to mainnet $DAG swap, click here. COTI crew sat down for an AMA with KuCoin this week. The KuCoin staking campaign (announced last week) reached its cap within 5 minutes of opening up. If you were hoping to be a mode operator, hope you reached out to the team on time. To read the fee policy, click here. $COTI will be listed on Coinbit next week. Main registration for Staking 2.0 was started.
The Hypedia mockups look great!
Pynk is now SEIS/EIS approved which entitles investors in its fundraise round to tax benefits. Wibson hosted an online meetup with Crypto Resources Academy for their Spanish community. This was followed by an ETHSantiago meetup to discuss data privacy. Harmony founder Stephen Tse was part of a Miami DevCon Fintech panel to talk about DeFi and blockchain in finance. Also, congratulations on becoming the top blockchain project by GitHub activity. Stake Heist was formally opened with bounties to find bugs in the Open Staking Testnet Network and build stuff on it for some sweet $ONE. Delegators were also invited to test the staking dashboard in return for $ONE prizes. Watch more about it here. $ONE got listed on WazirX. Ankr published a comprehensive Open Staking node setup guide. Another major announcement this week was that a chunk of block rewards from staking in the phase 2 testnet will be converted to mainnet $ONE. Woohoo! Click here for an early sneak peek into the new IntelliShare website. A quick introduction of the testnet Pacific Program was also released. In his latest article, GET Protocol CEO Maarten Bloemers expanded on the significance of contactless ticketing in the post-coronavirus world. The article was an excerpt from the team’s submission to the Dutch Ministry of Public Health, Welfare and Sport to explore possible opportunities. Maarten was interviewed by HKB News of Korea where talked about all things GET. Their crowd management solution was featured on Cointelegraph as well.

And with that, we have to say Bye for now. See you again with another update. Cheerio!
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